|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Clarence Birdseye was passing the winter in _____ when he discovered how to freeze food.
2. "Clipper schooners" carried a lot of sail. Why were they dangerous?
(a) They maneuvered poorly.
(b) They ran aground easily.
(c) They could not handle gale winds.
(d) They weren't dangerous.
3. Who were infamous on the Grand Banks for the harshness of their working conditions?
(a) The British.
(b) The Portuguese.
(c) The Spanish.
(d) The French.
4. Who returned to Iceland in 1964 and was astounded by its transformation?
(a) W. H. Auden.
(b) Pablo Picasso.
(c) Henry David Thoreau.
(d) Erik Eriksson.
5. Which mountain erupted in 1389 on Iceland?
(a) Mt. Askja.
(b) Mt. Hvannadalshnúkur.
(c) Mt. Hekla.
(d) Mt. Esja.
6. What company did Clarence Birdseye found in Gloucester?
(a) Gorton's Seafood Company.
(b) Ocean Foods.
(c) Harbor Food Processing.
(d) General Seafoods Company.
7. In 1944, Iceland negotiated full independence from _____.
8. In 1881, a shipyard in Hull built a steam-powered trawler called the _____.
(c) Card Shark.
(d) The Merry Widow.
9. Equipment that waits for the fish is called _____.
(a) Dead netting.
(c) Passive gear.
10. The first otter trawl was built in _____.
11. What was invented in the mid-19th century that was slow to catch on in the fishing industry?
(a) The steam engine.
(b) None of the answers is correct.
(d) The wireless radio.
12. What were the French fishing fleets called?
(a) Bateaux Royales.
(b) Poisson de la Mer.
13. What replaced nylon in gill nets?
(a) Acetate fiber.
14. In 1995, a system was initiated to restrict the total cod catch to _____ percent of the estimated stock.
15. What are most houses in Iceland made out of now?
(b) Metal or concrete.
(d) Mud or brick.
Short Answer Questions
1. What Nova Scotia fish product was heavily salted on schooners, then dried on flakes along a rocky coastline?
2. In the 1780's, British medicine decided cod-liver oil was a remedy for _____.
3. In Peru, Clarence Birdseye found a way to covert crushed remains of sugar cane into _____.
4. Which boat was invented on the Pacific to deal with rough seas and haul in bigger catches?
5. Who was the longtime director of Iceland's Marine Research Institute and one of the negotiators during the third Cod War?
This section contains 387 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)