1. What was causing trouble for the Roman Empire in the First Century, B.C.?
Rome had over one million people in the First Century, B.C., and the empire had trouble with management. The problems were a result of high costs of communication and the absence of public infrastructure, police forces, and banking services.
2. How was the Roman Constitution described in Chapter 1?
The Roman Constitution was described as one that developed over time. It featured layers of new government added to older ideas throughout the various stages.
3. What was the basic structure of the Roman government?
The Senate was the governing body with two elected Consuls, twenty Quaestors, and eight Praetors. While the Quaestors handled administration, the Praetors could use sovereign power. In the case of an emergency, a dictator could be appointed.
4. Why were the Consuls elected in the Roman government and how did they serve?
To avoid one man having too much power, it was divided among senators that elected two Consuls. Both Consuls would serve for one year, alternating their seniority each month.
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