1. What city do the crusaders want to capture? What is known about this city?
The goal of the crusades is to capture the Holy City, Jerusalem. The city was transferred back and forth between Christians and the Turks for several hundreds of years before a Holy War was initiated by Pop Gregory VII, which was then translated with success to Peter the Hermit, who preached for a war to capture Jerusalem. Through the next several decades, the area was overrun by Turks, and won back by Christians in the first three Crusades.
2. What is known about the first chronicle?
The fourth crusade, chronicled first in the novel, is written by Villehardouin, and is, according to Shaw, the first reliable record of the crusades by the French. Villehardouin was born between 1150 and 1154. He wrote the chronicle years after his crusade.
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