Chaos: Making a New Science Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. One of the implications of what theorem is that if a continuous discrete dynamical system on the real line has a periodic point of period 3, then it must have periodic points of every other period?
(a) Stronghorn's theorem.
(b) Skawinski's theorem.
(c) Stevenson's theorem.
(d) Sharkovskii's theorem.

2. In his paper, Kuhn argues that rival paradigms are ______, meaning that it is not possible to understand one paradigm through the conceptual framework and terminology of another rival paradigm.
(a) Incorrigible.
(b) Incomprehensible.
(c) Indistinguishable.
(d) Incommensurable.

3. In Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect," the author writes, "The Butterfly Effect acquired a technical name: sensitive dependence on _____________"?
(a) "Random conditions."
(b) "Initial conditions."
(c) "Controlled conditions."
(d) "Ideal conditions."

4. What paper did James Yorke publish in 1975 concerning chaos?
(a) "Physical Review Letters."
(b) "Period Three Implies Chaos."
(c) "Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow."
(d) "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions."

5. For what company had Benoit Mandelbrot been working in economics, studying distribution of various incomes in the economy when he was invited by Houthakker to speak at Harvard?
(a) ProtoLife.
(b) IBM.
(c) Iterated Systems Incorporated.
(d) Xerox.

Short Answer Questions

1. Where was Benoit Mandelbrot born?

2. What was the profession of Benoit Mandelbrot's mother?

3. What did Foucault use as a way to demonstrate the earth's rotation, according to the author in Chapter 2, "Revolution"?

4. When was James Yorke born?

5. What is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere?

Short Essay Questions

1. What impact did The Structure of Scientific Revolutions have on the scientific community? What did Kuhn assert in the book?

2. How is the relationship between meteorologists and computers described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?

3. How did the role of chaos theory affect ecologists in the 1970s as described in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?

4. What was the early life of Benoit Mandelbrot like, as described by the author in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?

5. How did Lorenz develop ways to reproduce complex behavior in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?

6. Describe the weather simulator discussed in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect." What weather conditions did it create?

7. When and where was the National Meteorological Center founded in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? What existed before it?

8. In Chapter 2, "Revolution" Gleick refers to the pendulum as being the laboratory mouse of chaos, the new science. What metaphorical examples does Gleick give for other great scientists in this chapter?

9. How did Lorenz's work influence James Yorke in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?

10. What two technologies contributed to the development of global forecasting in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?

(see the answer keys)

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