|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the mathematical study of changes in the qualitative or topological structure of a given family, such as the integral curves of a family of vector fields, and the solutions of a family of differential equations?
(b) Bifurcation theory.
(c) Theoretical physics.
(d) Fluid dynamics.
2. In mathematics, what is a system which does not satisfy the superposition principle, or whose output is not directly proportional to its input?
(a) Thermolinear system.
(b) Linear system.
(c) Nonlinear system.
(d) Hyperlinear system.
3. According to Gleick in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs," what will lead to an increased, steady state in the idealized population?
(a) A higher parameter.
(b) A fraction parameter.
(c) A lower parameter.
(d) A multiplier parameter.
4. What were the subjects allowed to glance at one at a time in the experiment from the 1940s described by Gleick in Chapter 2, "Revolution"?
(a) Nature photographs.
(b) Playing cards.
(c) Ink blots.
(d) Postage stamps.
5. In Chapter 2, "Revolution," the author writes, "Professional scientists, given brief, uncertain glimpses of nature's workings, are no less vulnerable to anguish and confusion when they come face to face with" _______________?
(d) "Cantor dust".
Short Answer Questions
1. When was Edward Lorenz born?
2. What refers to a computer program or network of computers that attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system?
3. What concept originated by Thomas S. Kuhn refers to the routine work of scientists experimenting within a paradigm, slowly accumulating detail in accord with established broad theory and not actually challenging or attempting to test the underlying assumptions of that theory?
4. When was Benoit Mandelbrot born?
5. In statistics, what refers to any statistical relationship between two random variables or two sets of data?
Short Essay Questions
1. How is the relationship between meteorologists and computers described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?
2. How is Edward Lorenz described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? Where was he working at the time?
3. What were the biggest issues with weather forecasting during Lorenz's time as described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? How is the Butterfly Effect defined?
4. What was the early life of Benoit Mandelbrot like, as described by the author in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?
5. How did Lorenz develop ways to reproduce complex behavior in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?
6. What role do computers and mathematical equations play in ecology and biology as described in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?
7. Describe the weather simulator discussed in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect." What weather conditions did it create?
8. What did Benoit Mandelbrot and Hendrik Houthakker agree on about the chart in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?
9. How did Lorenz's work influence James Yorke in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?
10. When and where was the National Meteorological Center founded in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? What existed before it?
This section contains 973 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)