|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In what year did Benoit Mandelbrot recognize the ghost of an idea when he spotted a diagram charted out on the blackboard in Hendrik Houthakker's office?
2. What can be formed by taking a finite Cartesian product of the Cantor set with itself, making it a Cantor space?
(a) Euclidean space.
(b) Helium in a Box.
(d) Cantor dust.
3. What concept originated by Thomas S. Kuhn refers to the routine work of scientists experimenting within a paradigm, slowly accumulating detail in accord with established broad theory and not actually challenging or attempting to test the underlying assumptions of that theory?
(a) Science of commonality.
(b) Bland science.
(d) Normal science.
4. Where is the main laboratory for the Thomas J. Watson Research Center?
(a) Cherry Hill, New Jersey.
(b) Indianapolis, Indiana.
(c) Yorktown Heights, New York.
(d) Chicago, Illinois.
5. James Yorke is credited with creating what term in reference to science?
Short Answer Questions
1. What refers to the sensitive dependence on initial conditions; where a small change at one place in a nonlinear system can result in large differences to a later state?
2. From what institution did Thomas S. Kuhn earn his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics?
3. According to Gleick in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs," what will cause the idealized population to end up at the lower level?
4. Who is quoted in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect" as saying "Physicists like to think that all you have to do is say, these are the conditions, now what happens next?"
5. What is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy?
Short Essay Questions
1. How is a Cantor set described in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?
2. How did the role of chaos theory affect ecologists in the 1970s as described in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?
3. What variable changed the outcome in the experiment described by Thomas S. Kuhn in Chapter 2, "Revolution"?
4. What was the early life of Benoit Mandelbrot like, as described by the author in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?
5. What impact did The Structure of Scientific Revolutions have on the scientific community? What did Kuhn assert in the book?
6. How is Edward Lorenz described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? Where was he working at the time?
7. Who is quoted discussing nonlinear problems in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?
8. How is James Yorke described in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"? What term did he coin?
9. How did Benoit Mandelbrot describe the ideal data source in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?
10. What psychological experiment does Thomas S. Kuhn describe in Chapter 2, "Revolution"?
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