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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. What is the mathematical study of changes in the qualitative or topological structure of a given family, such as the integral curves of a family of vector fields, and the solutions of a family of differential equations?**
**(a)** Thermodynamics. **(b)** Bifurcation theory. **(c)** Theoretical physics. **(d)** Fluid dynamics.

**2. In mathematics, what is a system which does not satisfy the superposition principle, or whose output is not directly proportional to its input?**
**(a)** Thermolinear system. **(b)** Linear system. **(c)** Nonlinear system. **(d)** Hyperlinear system.

**3. According to Gleick in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs," what will lead to an increased, steady state in the idealized population?**
**(a)** A higher parameter. **(b)** A fraction parameter. **(c)** A lower parameter. **(d)** A multiplier parameter.

**4. What were the subjects allowed to glance at one at a time in the experiment from the 1940s described by Gleick in Chapter 2, "Revolution"?**
**(a)** Nature photographs. **(b)** Playing cards. **(c)** Ink blots. **(d)** Postage stamps.

**5. In Chapter 2, "Revolution," the author writes, "Professional scientists, given brief, uncertain glimpses of nature's workings, are no less vulnerable to anguish and confusion when they come face to face with" _______________?**
**(a)** "Fractals". **(b)** "Turbulence". **(c)** "Incongruity". **(d)** "Cantor dust".

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** When was Edward Lorenz born?

**2.** What refers to a computer program or network of computers that attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system?

**3.** What concept originated by Thomas S. Kuhn refers to the routine work of scientists experimenting within a paradigm, slowly accumulating detail in accord with established broad theory and not actually challenging or attempting to test the underlying assumptions of that theory?

**4.** When was Benoit Mandelbrot born?

**5.** In statistics, what refers to any statistical relationship between two random variables or two sets of data?

## Short Essay Questions

**1.** How is the relationship between meteorologists and computers described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?

**2.** How is Edward Lorenz described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? Where was he working at the time?

**3.** What were the biggest issues with weather forecasting during Lorenz's time as described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? How is the Butterfly Effect defined?

**4.** What was the early life of Benoit Mandelbrot like, as described by the author in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?

**5.** How did Lorenz develop ways to reproduce complex behavior in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?

**6.** What role do computers and mathematical equations play in ecology and biology as described in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?

**7.** Describe the weather simulator discussed in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect." What weather conditions did it create?

**8.** What did Benoit Mandelbrot and Hendrik Houthakker agree on about the chart in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?

**9.** How did Lorenz's work influence James Yorke in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?

**10.** When and where was the National Meteorological Center founded in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? What existed before it?

This section contains 973 words(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page) |