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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapters 3-4.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. In statistics, what refers to any statistical relationship between two random variables or two sets of data?**
**(a)** Commonality. **(b)** Prediction. **(c)** Dependence. **(d)** Diversity.

**2. In what year did Benoit Mandelbrot recognize the ghost of an idea when he spotted a diagram charted out on the blackboard in Hendrik Houthakker's office?**
**(a)** 1954. **(b)** 1950. **(c)** 1960. **(d)** 1957.

**3. Who is attributed with the following quote in the beginning of Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs": "The result of a mathematical development should be continuously checked against one's own intuition about what constitutes reasonable biological behavior"?**
**(a)** Steven Smale. **(b)** Benoit Mandelbrot. **(c)** Harvey J. Gold. **(d)** Stanislaw Ulam.

**4. What is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere?**
**(a)** Thermodynamics. **(b)** Fractal compression. **(c)** Meteorology. **(d)** Physiology.

**5. Where is the main laboratory for the Thomas J. Watson Research Center?**
**(a)** Chicago, Illinois. **(b)** Cherry Hill, New Jersey. **(c)** Yorktown Heights, New York. **(d)** Indianapolis, Indiana.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** What refers to a computer program or network of computers that attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system?

**2.** What is a branch of physics which employs mathematical models and abstractions of physics to rationalize, explain and predict natural phenomena?

**3.** In Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect," the author writes, "The Butterfly Effect acquired a technical name: sensitive dependence on _____________"?

**4.** In mathematics and statistics, a _____ is a quantity that serves to relate functions and variables using a common variable when such a relationship would be difficult to explicate with an equation.

**5.** What mathematical theorem states that every simply connected, closed 3-manifold is homeomorphic to the 3-sphere?

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