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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Whose murder did Cunégonde's brother witness?
2. What does the old woman reveal about her past in Chapter 10?
3. What happened the man who found the old woman and spoke her language when he was a child?
4. What is Candide told after he drinks to the health of the king of Bulgaria?
5. When Cunegonde was taken prisoner by the captain, what did she become?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does the commandant look like?
2. Describe what happens with Candide and his assistant, Cacambo, as the Spanish search for Candide after the monk is hanged.
3. How do Candide, Cunégonde, and the old woman flee in chapter 9, and where do they go?
4. Getting away from France, Candide and Martin land in Portsmouth, England, where they witness an execution. Describe Candide's curiosity.
5. How do Candide, Cunegonde, and the old woman get a head start against the soldiers who begin to look for them in Chapter 9?
6. How has Cunégonde's appearance changed when Candide finds her on the banks of Propontis? How do Candide's and Cunégonde's reactions to her change in appearance differ?
7. What happens to give Candide a good response to Martin's pessimism in Chapter 20?
8. Why does the Bulgar captain sell Cunégonde to Don Issachar?
9. Why is an auto-da-fé deemed necessary in Lisbon?
10. Who does Martin think was the most unfortunate of all the kings?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
At the end of the novel, Candide finally marries Cunégonde and the pair lives in the farm with Martin, Pangloss, Cacambo, and the old woman. What do these characters all have in common? Why is it significant that all these characters end up at the same place? How do these characters function as a group? How are the individual interests of these characters different or similar to the interests of the group?
Essay Topic 2
The concept of the "noble savage" and the idea that without a corruptible society man would be a more moral being was popularized by Rousseau. How would Voltaire have responded to this idea? Use examples from the text to back up your argument.
Essay Topic 3
Candide selects Martin as a traveling companion because he is well educated and because he has shared the experience of suffering. How do Candide and Martin respond different to suffering? Is this significant? Which character has a better grasp on reality? Which character has a better reaction to suffering? Why did you select this character?
This section contains 824 words
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