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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who does the beggar tell Candide he is?
2. Who does the old lady pray to for Candide's health?
3. How is Pangloss punished by the auto-da-fé?
4. What does the Governor order Candide to do in order to get rid of him?
5. How does the old woman describe the location where she was raised?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Martin, what is the relationship between the weak and the strong?
2. Why does Cacambo want to go to Cayenne?
3. What philosophical background does Martin claim and how does he describe this perspective?
4. Describe Candide's interaction with the old woman that comes and tells him to follow her after he is punished for spouting philosophy.
5. Describe the house that the old lady brings Candide to after she has cared for him over several days.
6. As Candide and Martin are walking to dinner one night, who accosts them and what does he say?
7. Describe the solution that is developed to prevent future earthquakes and indicate who creates this solution.
8. What is the comparison that Martin makes between man and hawks?
9. Why does the Bulgar captain sell Cunégonde to Don Issachar?
10. What odd encounter occurs on the way to Constantinople?
Essay Topic 1
Write an essay about the murders committed by Candide. Would you classify any of them as justifiable homicide? Were they all self-defense? Which of the murders could be classified as crimes of passion? Conclude your paper with your evaluation as to whether there is ever a justifiable cause to murder another human being.
Essay Topic 2
Write an essay about obsession. In CANDIDE, the title character is obsessed with Cunegonde and spends his life in pursuit of her only to find her aging and ugly when he finally gets her. In your essay, discuss how obsession can lead people to go after something they cannot achieve or, having achieved it, they do not really want.
Essay Topic 3
Voltaire satirizes religion throughout the novel. Despite the faith, he typically finds hypocrisy and lax morality. Compare and contrast three of the following religions as they portrayed in the novel:
- Grand Inquisitor
What does Voltaire's general philosophy on religion seem to be?
This section contains 1,624 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)