|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who was Richard Daley's opponent during his fourth run for Mayor?
2. How was Richard Daley's initial urban renewal effort accepted by those who who used the areas?
3. How deeply institutionalized was segregation in Chicago's city planning departments?
4. Why did a particular important figure frustrate Richard Daley during the period of protests against segregated neighborhoods?
5. What caused an outbreak of fires and looting on Chicago's West Side African-American neighborhoods during Richard Daley's fourth term?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Draw a flow chart of the positions in the Cook County Democratic Party as it is detailed in Chapter IV. Ward Committee members who were most successful in turning out the vote earned the authority to fill the most patronage jobs. Based upon what you learned that Cook County Democrats, ". . . add up votes until they come out right . . ." how did this method of appointing patronage jobs not only corrupt elections, but also corrupt Chicago public service jobs? How did this corruption and the wealth it brought to supporters of the Democratic Party help the Machine dominate elections for decades?
Essay Topic 2
Based upon what you know of how criminals had infiltrated Chicago City Hall in the 1920's and 1930's, why do you think that it was important for Richard Daley to develop a relationship with Abraham Marovitz, a prosecutor who had associations with gangsters. How could that relationship make Daley valuable to the Cook County Democrat Party?
Essay Topic 3
Richard Daley's control over the Machine has been credited with providing the votes that helped John F. Kennedy defeat Richard Nixon in the 1960 presidential election. If this is so it not only dramatically changed history, but it also showed that the American electoral system was corrupted by political influences. Take one of three subjects for a three paragraph essay:
1. How would the country have been different if Richard Daley's Machine was not involved in the 1960 election and Richard Nixon had become president?
2. What are the consequences to the country if a metropolitan mayor can determine who becomes president? Are there any benefits? What are they? What are the damages to democracy that is posed by such a situation?
3. What are the threats to justice and liberty if elections can be manipulated by powerful individuals? How can such power be confronted?
This section contains 681 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)