|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who did Richard Daley appoint to take care of the 1960 police department scandal?
(a) Orlando Wilson, the nation's brilliant and foremost law enforcement expert and corrupt-free head of the University of California's criminology department.
(b) Jesse Jackson, who had been working very closely with Martin Luther King on civil rights issues.
(c) William Kunstler, a lawyer who was a persistent critic of Chicago city government.
(d) Adalai Stevenson, who had a highly regarded reputation for integrity in Illinois.
2. How did Richard Daley's selection for the 1970 Cook County Sheriff's race show in the election?
(a) Wilson decided to withdraw before the election was held.
(b) Adamowski disappeared mysteriously before the election.
(c) Marzullo ran a poor race and was narrowly defeated.
(d) Elrod won easily.
3. How did most Chicagoans consider the corruption within the department?
(a) They realized that selling and buying property in Chicago was more costly than it was worth, so the market dried up.
(b) The became accustomed to ethnic neighborhoods to be the consequence of human nature.
(c) An increasing number of voters attempted to register as Republican.
(d) A natural part of Chicago.
4. What was Richard Daley's response after a commission recommended that the police should treat blacks the same as whites?
(a) He assigned another commission under his control that recommended he keep his policies in place.
(b) He ignored the recommendations and increased the use of force.
(c) He relented and began promoting a, "kinder and gentler," police force.
(d) He increased abuse against everybody.
5. What made this candidate for Cook County Sheriff an attractive choice for the election?
(a) Chicagoans considered Orlando Wilson an effective law enforcement officer.
(b) Elrod was hospitalized after having allegedly been injured by a Weatherman activist.
(c) Marzullo is assured of delivering the Itallian vote.
(d) Adamowski is considered to be independent of Daley's influence.
6. How did Richard Daley respond to the outbreaks?
(a) He restored water services to the fire hydrants in the neighborhood.
(b) He had a city hall meeting with civil rights advocates to get their input for a new police chief.
(c) He ordered a restoration of Chief Wilson's policies in the African American neighborhoods.
(d) He issued shoot to kill orders against arsonists and shoot to maim orders against looters.
7. How did the public respond to Richard Daley's response to the outbreaks?
(a) He was distrusted for the remainder of his time as mayor.
(b) He was applauded for recognizing the influence of civil rights advocates on his administration.
(c) He was criticized to the point that he changed his orders to "minimum force."
(d) He was harshly criticized for being too closely involved in police department policy.
8. What happened on Richard Daley's 68th birthday?
(a) City employees gave Daley a big party that was visited by high-ranking Democrats from across the country.
(b) He spent a quiet evening in seclusion with his family.
(c) A grand jury published a report that indicted police for abuse during a raid on a West Side residence where two Black Panther leaders were killed.
(d) The Democratic Central Committee gave Daley and his wife a trip to the Bahamas.
9. Besides protesters, who else did security forces target for harassment during the 1968 Democratic National Convention?
(a) Sidewalk merchants.
(b) Organizers who were not at the protest sites.
(c) Spectators of the events.
(d) News reporters.
10. By what kind of margin did Richard Daley win the election to his fifth term?
(a) He ran unopposed.
(b) The election was cancelled as his opponent died in a mysterious auto accident a week before the election.
(c) One of the largest margins in his career.
(d) The closest margin of his career.
11. What tactic did segregation opponents use to point out the problem of segregation in Chicago?
(a) They rented a flat in Richard Daley's neighborhood and put up two African-American college students in the residence.
(b) African-American activists ignorned "Whites Only" signs on businesses and demanded service from the proprietors.
(c) African-American parents began enrolling their children in white schools near their homes.
(d) They organized a sit-in of African-American activists at segregated public venues.
12. What is a campaign tactic that Richard Daley used against all of his election opponents?
(a) He campaigned door-to-door in precincts where he was polling behind his opponent.
(b) On election day he had public works projects on streets for polling sites in precincts where he feared losing.
(c) He would have public debates against the opponent and stack the audience in his favor.
(d) The Chicago Democrat Machine spread scandalous stories about the opponent that was either false or irrelevant, but Daley kept himself detatched from the stories.
13. What was the result of an effort to prove that Richard Daley's neighbors were intolerant of segregating neighborhoods based on color?
(a) Business owners had the protestors arrested and took law suits against the leaders that organized the protests.
(b) A riot broke out in Mayor Daley's neighborhood and the African-American students were forced to move out after only a few days.
(c) Police opened up fire hoses and scattered the protestors.
(d) The Chicago School Board ignored the requests and kept the students in their assigned schools.
14. When did racial conflicts begin to become public in Chicago?
(a) During the early 1960s.
(b) After Jackie Robinson broke Major League Baseball's color barrier in 1947.
(c) During the Vietnam War.
(d) During the late 1950s.
15. How did segregation aid the Democratic political machine in Chicago?
(a) If blacks were allowed to move into white neighborhoods, the whites would be enraged, withdraw its political support for the party in power, and the Machine would collapse.
(b) Segregation helped the Cook County Democratic Central Committee know which votes to count and which to hold back.
(c) Segregated precincts helped the Cook County Democratic Central Committee know where to apply pressure.
(d) Segregated neighborhoods helped Mayor Daley know where to focus patronage.
Short Answer Questions
1. After controversy around the 1968 Democrat National Convention subsided, what was the condition of Richard Daley?
2. Why did a particular important figure frustrate Richard Daley during the period of protests against segregated neighborhoods?
3. What motivated racial violence to intensify?
4. What happened to Richard Daley's popularity in Chicago after the turmoil of the 1968 Democratic National Convention?
5. What was the year of the election for Richard Daley's fourth term?
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