Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy Test | Final Test - Easy

Eric Metaxas
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What question does Metaxas raise with regard to Bonhoeffer's interest in taking a trip to India to visit Ghandi?
(a) "Why was it that a pagan could find the courage to stand on the Sermon on the Mount, but those trained in it did not know how to apply it?"
(b) "Was God bringing judgment on Christian nations by leaving them to evil and preparing to move on pagan nations that freely practiced His principles?"
(c) "What was the significance that nations with no Christian heritage were more able to stand on Christian principles of peace and love than were those nations who had been trained in them for centuries?"
(d) "Was it possible that...Christ was operating among non-Christians in a way that could force the church to action?"

2. What dramatic event greeted Bonhoeffer as 1938 was beginning, according to Metaxas?
(a) Gestapo officers arrested him and 30 others during a meeting of the Confessing Church.
(b) He helped his sister and her husband leave Germany for Switzerland.
(c) He became part of the conspiracy to assassinate Hitler.
(d) He heard about Kristallnacht.

3. What seeming contradiction of Bonhoeffer's was amplified by the war, according to Metaxas?
(a) Bonhoeffer would not join the military, but he encouraged others to join.
(b) Bonhoeffer could not fight for Hitler's Germany, but he was extraordinarily supportive of those who did.
(c) Bonhoeffer was not a pacifist, but he did not support wars.
(d) Bonhoeffer would not be willing to kill as a soldier, but he was willing to conspire to kill Hitler.

4. How does Metaxas report that Hitler avoided political confrontations from his generals as he was making plans for war?
(a) He met with Neville Chamberlain to negotiate the peaceful acquisition of Czechoslovakia.
(b) He took command of the military by establishing the OKW and surrounding himself with supporters.
(c) He put out false stories that his major opponents in the military were homosexuals.
(d) He conducted the peaceful anchluss of Austria.

5. Why does Metaxas identify Bethge as an important figure for Bonhoeffer's legacy?
(a) Bonhoeffer would confide in Bethge about some of his bouts with depression.
(b) Bethge would keep very close contact with Bonhoeffer during his time in prison.
(c) Bethge would pick up Bonhoeffer's ministry after he was sent to prison.
(d) Bethge would preserve many of Bonhoeffer's writings and distribute them through the world.

6. Why did Colonel Claus von Sauffenberg join the conspiracy to assassinate Hitler, according to Metaxas?
(a) He was disgusted with Hitler when he witnessed the treatment of Polish prisoners of war in 1939 and for the murder of the Jews.
(b) A devout Catholic, Sauffenberg agreed with Bonhoeffer that the Nazis were attempting to eliminate the Christian religion.
(c) He could not face his conscience if he did not act.
(d) Stauffenberg could rise in political rank and someday be the Chancellor of Germany if he successfully killed Hitler.

7. Why was the plan to assassinate Hitler in Operation Flash not successful, according to Metaxas?
(a) The suicide bomber who was to execute the plan lost his nerve.
(b) The fuses did not detonate the bombs.
(c) Hitler changed his plans and was not present when the conspirators thought he would be.
(d) Hitler was protected by an armor barrier that protected him from explosions.

8. According to a letter cited by Metaxas, what aspect of prison life was an enrichment of his life's experience?
(a) He was able to quit smoking.
(b) A thrush would sing outside his window daily.
(c) The hardships of prison hardly bothered him.
(d) The lack of physical things made them lose their importance.

9. What does Metaxas claim to be the major obstacle that inhibited the relationship between Bonhoeffer and Maria von Wedemeyer from developing, according to Metaxas?
(a) She was a dedicated Nazi.
(b) He was 36 and she was 18.
(c) She was a member of the German Christians.
(d) She was a close intimate of Hitler's inner circle.

10. What was the last thing Bonhoeffer did with the prisoners with whom he was in transit before he was taken by the Gestapo to be executed?
(a) He shared some potato salad and coffee with his fellow inmates.
(b) He went to bed for the first time in three months.
(c) He had gone into his daily Bible verse meditation.
(d) He performed a worship service on Quasimodo Sunday (the first Sunday after Easter).

11. Why didn't the suicide plan involving Major Rudolf-Christoph von Gersdorff to kill Hitler with bombs hiding in Gersdorff's overcoat while Hitler attended a Hero's Memorial Day, according to Metaxas?
(a) Because Gersdorff lost his nerve.
(b) Because the fuses to the bombs did not work.
(c) Because the Gestapo had discovered the plot and had Gersdorff arrested.
(d) Because Hitler cut his visit short before the bombs could detonate.

12. What does Metaxas identify as the major difference between the ecumenical movement and Bonhoeffer with regard to WWII?
(a) The ecumenical movement was pacifist, but Bonhoeffer was not.
(b) The ecumenical movement discouraged people from joining the military, but Bonhoeffer did not feel so empowered.
(c) The ecumenical movement sought to end the war, but Bonhoeffer decided that Hitler had to be assassinated.
(d) The ecumenical movement believed Hitler could be negotiated with, but Bonhoeffer did not.

13. What does Metaxas suggest gave Bonhoeffer hope on Easter Sunday, 1945?
(a) Many of the prison guards were not showing up at their stations so they could escape capture by American soldiers.
(b) News from General von Falkenhausen, one of the inmates with Bonhoeffer, that the German defeat was at hand.
(c) His renewed faith that the Resurrection symbolized he would come through his imprisonment.
(d) The sound of allied weaponry and bombs approaching Buchenwald.

14. What does Metaxas report to be the meaning of the officials at Flossenburg telling the prisoners being transferred from Buchenwald that the camp was "too full" to receive them?
(a) The camp had been converted to a receiving center for refugees fleeing allied bombing.
(b) That those prisoners were not marked for death as the only purpose for Flossenburg was to execute prisoners.
(c) The winding down of the war meant the Germans were not wasting resources and time on political executions.
(d) That they were backlogged on executions and they would have to wait in another location until they could be "processed".

15. When does Metaxas record Maria learned of Bonhoeffer's arrest?
(a) 13 days after it had happened.
(b) Two days later when the Gestapo showed up at her house to question her about her relationship with Bonhoeffer.
(c) April 20.
(d) April 5.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Metaxas claim Bonhoeffer's struggle with avoiding military service as Germany prepared for war proves regarding his thinking?

2. What speculation does Metaxas offer for the reason that the British government would not encourage German conspiracies to assassinate Hitler?

3. According to Metaxas, why didn't Hitler have everyone involved in the conspiracy against him immediately executed?

4. What did Bonhoeffer believe to be the future of theological education in Germany, according to a letter cited by Metaxas?

5. What does Metaxas cite as the first reason that Bonhoeffer joined the Abwehr?

(see the answer keys)

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