Archimedes and the Door of Science Test | Final Test - Medium

Jeanne Bendick
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How many galleys did the Roman general have who attacked Syracuse?
(a) 60.
(b) 70.
(c) 50.
(d) 40.

2. When Archimedes estimated the number of grains of sand that would fill the universe, what common Greek measure did he use?
(a) Poppy seeds.
(b) Mustard seeds.
(c) Stadium.
(d) Fingerbreadths.

3. Who was the Roman general who waged war against Syracuse?
(a) Bonifacius.
(b) Aureolus.
(c) Marcellus.
(d) Glabrio.

4. For which type of science were Archimedes' demonstrations of centers of gravity the foundation?
(a) Quantum physics.
(b) Theoretical mechanics.
(c) Thermodynamics.
(d) Statistical mechanics.

5. Where is earth's center of gravity in the solar system?
(a) Between the moon and Mercury.
(b) 20,000 miles from the moon.
(c) 15,000 miles from the moon.
(d) In the center of the earth.

Short Answer Questions

1. How or where might other writings of Archimedes be rediscovered?

2. Where did Rome capture city states?

3. With Archimedes' polygons, how much less was the circumference than the diameter?

4. After Archimedes used a common Greek measure to estimate the number of grains of sand in the universe, what measure did he use?

5. What is the solid of a circle?

Short Essay Questions

1. What happens when a pebble is dropped into a pond?

2. Before Archimedes, how did people find the area of a circle?

3. What interests mathematicians regarding Archimedes and square roots?

4. Where is the earth's center of gravity?

5. Why did Archimedes not want to help King Hiero make plans to defend Syracuse from a possible attack?

6. How did Archimedes estimate the number of grains that would fill the universe?

7. Why isn't the center of gravity always at the center of an object?

8. How did Archimedes figure the area of a circle?

9. Describe Marcellus' fleet that he sent to attack Syracuse.

10. What agreement did the Romans and Carthaginians make to divide the Mediterranean between themselves?

(see the answer keys)

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