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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. What does it take to cause a chain reaction in a nuclear explosion?**
**(a)** 100 clusters of atoms. **(b)** 15 atoms fused together. **(c)** 30 atoms fused together. **(d)** A single particle of an atom.

**2. Where did Carthage have colonies?**
**(a)** France. **(b)** Germany. **(c)** Spain. **(d)** Egypt.

**3. What was the value of the largest number for which the Greeks had a name?**
**(a)** 100,000. **(b)** 1,000,000. **(c)** 10,000. **(d)** 1,000,000,000.

**4. What does radius mean?**
**(a)** Length of a circle from the center to the rim. **(b)** The distance around a circle. **(c)** The shortest chord of a circle. **(d)** The longest chord of a circle.

**5. What calculation today does not use the unusual mathematical properties of a spiral?**
**(a)** Directions. **(b)** Speeds. **(c)** Finding an unknown quantity. **(d)** Distances in space.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** What can a giant radio telescope fill with broadcast signals?

**2.** In what book did Archimedes give mathematicians a logical way to start any problem and an orderly way of setting things down?

**3.** When do most people believe that the first real understanding of the laws of gravitation began?

**4.** How or where might other writings of Archimedes be rediscovered?

**5.** What did the author mention that could be dropped into a pond?

## Short Essay Questions

**1.** What did Archimedes consider to be his most important work?

**2.** Describe Carthage.

**3.** What practical joke did Archimedes play on his friends in Alexandria?

**4.** How do modern scientists work with very large numbers?

**5.** What is a chain reaction in a nuclear explosion?

**6.** Why is it possible for a person to balance standing on one foot?

**7.** How do mathematicians figure the area of a circle?

**8.** What happens when a pebble is dropped into a pond?

**9.** Why is Archimedes' "Method" so important to all mathematicians who followed him?

**10.** What calculations did Archimedes use to show how numbers were infinite?

This section contains 750 words(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page) |