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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. Which type of mathematics do architects needs to plan buildings?**
**(a)** Applied Mathematics. **(b)** Calculus. **(c)** Geometry. **(d)** Trigonometry.

**2. What did Archimedes write about mathematics?**
**(a)** Proofs. **(b)** Essays. **(c)** Theoretical books. **(d)** Textbooks.

**3. What sea is near Sicily?**
**(a)** Mediterranean. **(b)** Black. **(c)** Arabian. **(d)** Red.

**4. What is heavier than wood?**
**(a)** Bronze. **(b)** Iron. **(c)** Copper. **(d)** Silver.

**5. From where would ships bring fish to Sicily?**
**(a)** Black Sea. **(b)** Red Sea. **(c)** Arabian Sea. **(d)** Bering Sea.

**6. What was King Hiero's crown supposed to be made from?**
**(a)** Silver. **(b)** Gold. **(c)** Tin. **(d)** Copper.

**7. How many days were in the Greek year?**
**(a)** 360. **(b)** 354. **(c)** 345. **(d)** 334.

**8. What laws did Archimedes discover that led to machines that could move heavy loads or increase speeds, or change directions?**
**(a)** Laws of the wedge. **(b)** Laws of inclined plane. **(c)** Laws of the wheel and axle. **(d)** Laws of the pulley and lever.

**9. For how many years did Archimedes' war machines defend the city of Syracuse?**
**(a)** Three. **(b)** Four. **(c)** Two. **(d)** Five.

**10. How many books were in the library at Alexandria?**
**(a)** 100,000. **(b)** Half a million. **(c)** About a quarter of a million. **(d)** 750,000.

**11. What is the work that is to be done with a lever called?**
**(a)** Resistance. **(b)** Energy. **(c)** Force. **(d)** Fulcrum.

**12. What was the mathematical subject that Archimedes did not write about?**
**(a)** Arithmetic. **(b)** Algebra. **(c)** Calculus. **(d)** Geometry.

**13. What metal did the King suspect had been substituted in the crown?**
**(a)** Bronze. **(b)** Copper. **(c)** Silver. **(d)** Tin.

**14. What did Archimedes invent that is still used to drain or irrigate fields, load grain, and run high-speed machines?**
**(a)** Archimedean screw. **(b)** Block-and-tackle-pulley system. **(c)** Archimedean spiral. **(d)** Claw of Archimedes.

**15. How much larger is the sun than the moon?**
**(a)** 1,320,000 times larger. **(b)** 750,000 times larger. **(c)** 500,000 times larger. **(d)** 250,000 times larger.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** Which branch of mathematics deals with motion and change?

**2.** What constellations did Archimedes' teacher of mathematics discover?

**3.** When was Archimedes born?

**4.** Who founded Alexandria?

**5.** What was the name of the bugaboo that Archimedes' nurse would read about that frightened him when he was bad?

This section contains 325 words(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page) |