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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. Who founded Alexandria?**
**(a)** Pompey. **(b)** Ptolemy. **(c)** Antoniadas. **(d)** Alexander the Great.

**2. For how many years did Archimedes' war machines defend the city of Syracuse?**
**(a)** Two. **(b)** Three. **(c)** Five. **(d)** Four.

**3. When did the Museum open in Alexandria?**
**(a)** 350 B.C. **(b)** 300 B.C. **(c)** 400 B.C. **(d)** 200 B.C.

**4. How often did three months have to be added to the Greek year?**
**(a)** Every five years. **(b)** Every four years. **(c)** Every two years. **(d)** Every eight years.

**5. Who was the French scientist who later added to the laws of nature that govern liquids at rest?**
**(a)** Marie Curie. **(b)** Sebastian Basso. **(c)** Blaise Pascal. **(d)** Henri Becquerel.

**6. Which planet did the Greeks name after the king of the gods?**
**(a)** Mars. **(b)** Jupiter. **(c)** Mercury. **(d)** Venus.

**7. What hobgoblin would Archimedes' read about to scare him if he was bad?**
**(a)** Rhea. **(b)** Eurynome. **(c)** Tethys. **(d)** Empersa.

**8. What branch of mathematics did Archimedes invent?**
**(a)** Trigonometry. **(b)** Geometry. **(c)** Algebra. **(d)** Calculus.

**9. What type of mathematics must engineers use to build bridges?**
**(a)** Geometry. **(b)** Arithmetic. **(c)** Applied Mathematics. **(d)** Trigonometry.

**10. What was Archimedes' father's occupation?**
**(a)** Astronomer. **(b)** Mathematician. **(c)** Historian. **(d)** Physician.

**11. How old would Archimedes have been when he moved out of the women's quarters?**
**(a)** 8. **(b)** 6. **(c)** 12. **(d)** 10.

**12. What did Archimedes write about mathematics?**
**(a)** Theoretical books. **(b)** Essays. **(c)** Proofs. **(d)** Textbooks.

**13. What does "eureka" mean?**
**(a)** Look. **(b)** I have found it. **(c)** Watch out. **(d)** Stop.

**14. Where would Archimedes sketch his diagrams when he was in his workroom?**
**(a)** On papyrus. **(b)** In sand on the floor. **(c)** On pieces of cloth. **(d)** On a clay tablet.

**15. What metal did the King suspect had been substituted in the crown?**
**(a)** Silver. **(b)** Bronze. **(c)** Copper. **(d)** Tin.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** What Greek poet would Archimedes have studied?

**2.** How old was Archimedes when he received his name?

**3.** What principle did Archimedes discover that tells why some things float, some things sink, and some things rise into the air?

**4.** How many books were included in Euclid's "The Elements"?

**5.** What instrument did Archimedes create that told him the density of liquids?

This section contains 318 words(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page) |