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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 12, The War Machines of Archimedes.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. In what book did Archimedes give mathematicians a logical way to start any problem and an orderly way of setting things down?**
**(a)** On Floating Bodies. **(b)** Ostomachion. **(c)** Method. **(d)** The Sand Reckoner.

**2. What word means balance?**
**(a)** Equability. **(b)** Equitable. **(c)** Equilibrium. **(d)** Equitation.

**3. Which branch of mathematics had the groundwork for its development laid by Archimedes?**
**(a)** Trigonometry. **(b)** Geometry. **(c)** Algebra. **(d)** Calculus.

**4. How many papers did Archimedes write about arithmetic?**
**(a)** Two. **(b)** Five. **(c)** Three. **(d)** Four.

**5. How many years later after Archimedes' work did another scientist add to the laws of nature that govern liquids at rest?**
**(a)** 500 years. **(b)** 1200 years. **(c)** 1800 years. **(d)** 750 years.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** How long was a stadium?

**2.** How did Archimedes's family announce his birth?

**3.** How many books were in the library at Alexandria?

**4.** Who was the French scientist who later added to the laws of nature that govern liquids at rest?

**5.** What sea is near Sicily?

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