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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 12, The War Machines of Archimedes.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. With Archimedes' polygons, how much more was the circumference than the diameter?**
**(a)** 2 5/84 times. **(b)** 3 10/71 times. **(c)** 6 15/94 times. **(d)** 1 11/63 times.

**2. Which branch of mathematics deals with motion and change?**
**(a)** Calculus. **(b)** Trigonometry. **(c)** Algebra. **(d)** Applied Mathematics.

**3. What is the work that is to be done with a lever called?**
**(a)** Resistance. **(b)** Force. **(c)** Fulcrum. **(d)** Energy.

**4. Who estimated the circumference of the earth to within one hundred miles?**
**(a)** Anaxagorus. **(b)** Eratosthenes. **(c)** Aristarchus. **(d)** Archimedes.

**5. What did Archimedes want on his tomb?**
**(a)** Drawings of plane figures. **(b)** A figure of a sphere and cylinder. **(c)** Drawing of a cylinder. **(d)** Drawing of a sphere.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** What is the meaning of the Greek word "mathema" from which mathematics is derived?

**2.** What part of the Mediterranean Sea did the ships of Carthage control?

**3.** What does "eureka" mean?

**4.** What metal did the King suspect had been substituted in the crown?

**5.** For which type of science were Archimedes' demonstrations of centers of gravity the foundation?

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