An Essay Concerning Human Understanding Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What do we have when an abstract idea cannot be broken down?
(a) Simple ideas.
(b) Detailed words.
(c) Complex ideas.
(d) Distinct ideas.

2. Why does Locke say we cannot have an innate morality?
(a) Because he demonstrates that morality is not instinctual.
(b) Because instincts are not moral.
(c) Because there is no room in the genes.
(d) Because innate ideas are impossible.

3. When does desire become action, in Locke's opinion?
(a) When it merges with will.
(b) When it first stirs.
(c) When it is unrequited.
(d) When it develops into a philosophy.

4. How does Locke define desire?
(a) The projection of happiness on things outside the self.
(b) The need to return to a previous bliss.
(c) The urgent need to merge with something outside the self.
(d) The force that moves the world.

5. How does Locke resolve the contradiction between people who believe in free will and people who do not?
(a) He says that people have a choice whether to follow their wills.
(b) He says that the world has choices, even if people do not.
(c) He says that there is indeterminism on a sub-atomic level, that allows for free choice.
(d) He says that determinism is determined in free choices in every moment.

6. What is it that contributed to the pervasiveness of language, in Locke's account?
(a) The simplicity of grammar.
(b) The use of general terms.
(c) Legal disputes.
(d) Dictionaries.

7. What makes philosophers think that people do not have free will?
(a) The mathematics of probabilities.
(b) Causal necessity in nature.
(c) Divine will.
(d) The inexorable shape of history.

8. How does Locke define passive powers?
(a) They are essential to the things themselves.
(b) They are the inertia of things.
(c) They have no internal direction.
(d) They only exist when more than two things come into contact.

9. What does Locke say desires have in common?
(a) A motivating force to alleviate discomfort.
(b) Unhappiness as a result.
(c) The ability to mitigate unease.
(d) Ineffability.

10. What is Locke really discussing in his discussion of pleasure and pain?
(a) Variety.
(b) Number.
(c) Morality.
(d) Complex modes of ideas.

11. What does Locke say each distinct idea is?
(a) A simple idea.
(b) A word.
(c) An essence.
(d) A general idea.

12. What does Locke say allows us to see ourselves as free agents?
(a) Will.
(b) Determinism.
(c) Desire.
(d) Fate.

13. What does Locke use as a definition of active powers?
(a) Heat.
(b) Will or volition.
(c) Gravity.
(d) Luck.

14. Why don't most words refer to simple ideas, in Locke's account?
(a) Locke says that there is too little room for interpretation in simple ideas.
(b) Locke says that simple ideas are too pervasive.
(c) Locke says that most simple ideas are too unspecific.
(d) Locke says that most words are general.

15. What does Locke say liberty is aimed at?
(a) Pursuit of happiness.
(b) Compassion for others.
(c) Relief of suffering.
(d) Pursuit of profit.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Locke define truth in an idea?

2. What is the philosopher's most important job, according to Locke?

3. How does Locke say people should use language?

4. Which grammatical particle does Locke examine in detail?

5. What abuse does Locke say is typical of scholars?

(see the answer keys)

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