An Essay Concerning Human Understanding Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What can we talk about once we begin to abstract?
(a) Essences of things.
(b) Things in general.
(c) The context for things.
(d) Particular things.

2. What do we have when a word can no longer be defined, according to Locke?
(a) Simple ideas.
(b) Visions.
(c) Experience.
(d) The essence of an idea.

3. When does desire become action, in Locke's opinion?
(a) When it develops into a philosophy.
(b) When it merges with will.
(c) When it is unrequited.
(d) When it first stirs.

4. What does Locke describe as an abuse of words?
(a) Using words to insult people.
(b) Using words incorrectly deliberately.
(c) Using words without clear meaning.
(d) Inventing meanings for words.

5. How does Locke define love?
(a) Seeking pleasure.
(b) Mingling pleasure and pain.
(c) Reflecting on something that causes delight.
(d) Aspiring to improve oneself.

6. What does Locke say we about words that cannot be defined any further?
(a) They are simple ideas.
(b) They are general words.
(c) They are essential ideas.
(d) They are complex ideas.

7. Why don't most words refer to simple ideas, in Locke's account?
(a) Locke says that most simple ideas are too unspecific.
(b) Locke says that simple ideas are too pervasive.
(c) Locke says that most words are general.
(d) Locke says that there is too little room for interpretation in simple ideas.

8. What does Locke say men have freedom to do, in terms of language?
(a) Communicate any feeling.
(b) Create feelings in others.
(c) Describe any experience.
(d) Make them refer to any ideas.

9. How can we understand the properties of things, according to Locke?
(a) By breaking things into their constituent parts.
(b) By performing experiments on the things.
(c) By meditating on the things.
(d) By analyzing our ideas of those things.

10. What is the philosopher's most important job, according to Locke?
(a) Recall the steps by which truth was arrived at.
(b) Clarify meanings of terms.
(c) Demolish opponents' arguments.
(d) Arrive at truth.

11. What does Locke say each distinct idea is?
(a) A word.
(b) An essence.
(c) A simple idea.
(d) A general idea.

12. What does Locke's illustration show?
(a) That fate wears a human face.
(b) That a man can be clear in will but unfree in action.
(c) That hell is other people.
(d) That a man can be deceived about his relation with other men.

13. How does Locke define the essence of a thing?
(a) The being-in-time of each thing.
(b) The chemical composition of the thing.
(c) The properties that distinguish it from other similar things.
(d) The divine intention in every thing.

14. What do we have when an abstract idea cannot be broken down?
(a) Complex ideas.
(b) Detailed words.
(c) Simple ideas.
(d) Distinct ideas.

15. How has God formed man, according to Locke?
(a) To be sociable.
(b) To be warlike.
(c) To be devout.
(d) To be self-seeking.

Short Answer Questions

1. What makes philosophers think that people do not have free will?

2. What is Locke really discussing in his discussion of pleasure and pain?

3. Who is guilty of reification, according to Locke?

4. What effect does desire have on men, according to Locke?

5. How does Locke resolve the contradiction between people who believe in free will and people who do not?

(see the answer keys)

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