American Caesar, Douglas MacArthur, 1880-1964 Test | Final Test - Easy

William Manchester
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why did upper class Filipinos collaborate with the Japanese?
(a) They were Japanese in heritage.
(b) They wanted the war to end as soon as possible.
(c) They preferred the Japanese to the Americans.
(d) They feared losing their privileged lifestyle if they didn't.

2. What important dignitary did Jean MacArthur entertain in New Guinea in 1942 since Douglas was away at Port Moresby at the time?
(a) Clark Gable.
(b) President Truman.
(c) Eleanor Roosevelt.
(d) The Queen of England.

3. What did the Japanese do to punish Filipino guerrillas who fought against them?
(a) They imprisoned them for life.
(b) They beheaded them in public.
(c) They sent them to the front line to fight for Japan.
(d) They shot them in public.

4. For whom did the 400,000 Japanese soldiers occupying the Philippines in 1944 think it would be a supreme honor to die in battle?
(a) General MacArthur.
(b) Their god.
(c) Their emperior Hirohito.
(d) Their families.

5. What did MacArthur say a nation should do if it wasn't willing to make the full military commitment to winning a war?
(a) It should dissolve itself.
(b) It shouldn't fight.
(c) It shouldn't be surprised to lose.
(d) It should dissolve its army.

6. What did the Japanese soldiers on Rabaul prefer to do rather than surrender to the Americans?
(a) Kill themselves.
(b) Continue fighting until they won or were killed.
(c) Flee the war and seek refuge in the Philippines.
(d) Live out their lives in the rain forests of the island.

7. Why did the government officials decide to remove MacArthur from command in Korea?
(a) He got shot and was physically disabled.
(b) He ignored the President and asked China to surrender.
(c) He was losing the war.
(d) He was needed more in Germany.

8. How high was the Anglo-American commitment of military resources to the Pacific?
(a) Thirty percent.
(b) Fifty percent.
(c) Fifteen percent.
(d) Ten percent.

9. What did critics of MacArthur claim?
(a) That he was too pompous.
(b) That he was a drunkard.
(c) That he risked the lives of too many men.
(d) That he choose which orders he would obey.

10. Which Philippine island was nicknamed "the Rock"?
(a) Mindanao.
(b) Corregidor.
(c) Luzon.
(d) Visayas.

11. How many people died in the Korean War?
(a) One million.
(b) Five million.
(c) One billion.
(d) Five thousand.

12. Which Filipino leader formed a pro-Japanese regime and declared war on the United States and Great Britain?
(a) Manuel Roxas.
(b) Felipe Garcia.
(c) Jose Laurel.
(d) Manuel Quezon.

13. Who did Quezon designate as his successor as president of the Philippines should he and Osmeña be killed during their flight to Australia?
(a) Jose Laurel.
(b) Felipe Garcia.
(c) Manuel Roxas.
(d) General MacArthur.

14. When Jean MacArthur returned to the Philippines after her husband liberated the islands, what did she do upon seeing the rags the people were wearing?
(a) She gave her hat and gloves to some Filipinos.
(b) She wept.
(c) She wrote an American charity about the problem.
(d) She wrote the President about the problem.

15. What factors helped the Japanese succeed in the Pacific during World War II?
(a) They were well equipped with petroleum and raw materials.
(b) They had better technology and faster ships.
(c) They had more men and more planes.
(d) They had better trained and better equipped soldiers.

Short Answer Questions

1. When did the communist invasion of South Korea and fighting between North and South Korea begin?

2. After capturing Seoul, what kind of reforms did MacArthur want to establish there?

3. What was MacArthur's goal for Korea?

4. Why didn't MacArthur use the strategy of island-hopping, i.e. hitting the enemy with direct frontal pressure in battle?

5. How long did the British want the Americans to limit their Pacific objectives during World War II?

(see the answer keys)

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