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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What defines a good society, according to Rawls?
2. Which century was Intuitionism first developed?
3. What is John Stuart Mill's Theory of Higher Pleasures?
4. What branch of philosophy is this book concerned with?
5. What is the implicit assumption that the Social Contract theory makes?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is Rawls’ criticism of Utilitarianism?
2. What choice is the hypothetical person in the Original Position offered?
3. In what way would the German philosopher Nietzsche argue against the Original Position?
4. What theory does Rawls want to re-invigorate in his argument?
5. Why did Adam Smith believe that Utilitarian economics were the best possible system?
6. What does Rawls accept would happen in the Original Position?
7. What concept do Utilitarian thinkers seek to redefine in their own theory?
8. Why does Rawls prefer the Social Contract Theory?
9. How do Intuitionists justify their innate knowledges?
10. What does Rawls hope to do with this Theory of Justice?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What is the nature of rights in Rawl's position? When are they established and why?
Essay Topic 2
How does Rawls’ social contract deals with criminals, misfits and rebels in its system? What would it be forced to do?
Essay Topic 3
The Social Contract
a. What is the Social Contract? Who ascribes and who developed this philosophy?
b. In what way is the social contract pessimistic about human nature? How is it compatible with an optimistic view of human nature?
This section contains 685 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)