|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is assumed about the liberty of the Individual, according to “The Two Principles of Justice”?
(a) That it may be ignored.
(b) That it may be maximized.
(c) That it is the only important virtue.
(d) That it may be minimized.
2. What is a Totalitarian state?
(a) A type of economic system.
(b) A type of religious state.
(c) A type of secular state.
(d) The opposite of a democracy.
3. What is the only caveat to a maximum liberty of the individual?
(a) That the individual does not impede anyone else's liberty.
(b) That the individual is god-fearing.
(c) That the individual does not challenge the powers that be.
(d) That the individual does not make too much money.
4. What did wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill famously say about Democracy?
(a) "Far from perfect."
(b) "The sublimest virtue."
(c) "Far from perfect, but the best system on the table."
(d) "The ignoble chasing the inedible."
5. What does Rawls claim is necessary for fair elections?
(a) One general election every generation.
(b) As long as the wealthy get a chance to make a vote.
(c) So long as the majority get a chance to vote.
(d) Fair, free and often elections.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Rawls think will have to be secured to keep the society a just one?
2. What does Rawls admit might happen within his just society?
3. How many principles of justice does the Original Position later result in?
4. What does Rawls claim about the freedom of assembly?
5. What year was Adam Smith born?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why are the limits of human freedom according to the Two Principles of Justice essentially a form of social contract?
2. In what way does the Original Position ensure the two principles of justice?
3. Who decides the limits of human liberty, according to the Two Principles of Justice?
4. How does the Original Position not account for second- or later generations?
5. What is the first principle that the Original Position ensures?
6. What has to be used to ensure the two principles of justice?
7. What is the second principle that the Original Position ensures?
8. In what way does Rawls admit that inequalities can be endured in his system?
9. What are the limits of human freedom, according to the Two Principles of Justice?
10. What form must the protection of disadvantaged people come from?
This section contains 685 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)