|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Whom of the following was a leading 'Intuitionist'?
(a) John Locke.
(b) John Hurt.
(c) J.S. Mill.
2. Why does Utilitarian thinking not really understand the difference between persons?
(a) Utilitarianism is never applied to the individual.
(b) Utilitarianism is never applied to the society.
(c) It perceives persons only as voters.
(d) That different people’s situations mean different levels of happiness, contentment or suffering.
3. What does the Individual gain out of the Social Contract?
(a) Protection and security.
(b) Power and glory.
(c) Military might.
(d) Money and wealth.
4. What is John Stuart Mill's Theory of Higher Pleasures?
(a) The belief that one should spend the most money on the finest things in life.
(b) The belief that intellectualism, refinement and poetry are better pleasures that dancing, lust or wealth.
(c) The belief that feelings are better pleasures than stability, wealth or objects.
(d) The belief that going to church is the highest form of pleasure.
5. In what era was the theory of the Social Contract in favor?
(a) The Dark Ages.
(b) The Modern Era.
(c) The Enlightenment.
(d) The Renaissance.
6. What does the Individual lose from the Social Contract?
(a) All their freedoms.
(b) The right to own property.
(c) Complete freedom.
(d) The right to defend themselves.
7. What do Intuitionist' believe in?
(a) That good and wrong are illusions told by the rich.
(b) That good and wrong are innately known.
(c) That good and wrong are revealed by God to the select few.
(d) That good and wrong are taught.
8. What does Rawls claim about the Social Contract theory?
(a) It is better than Utilitarian theory.
(b) It is better than Marxism.
(c) It is the only philosophy that makes sense.
(d) It is ridiculous.
9. What does Rawls want his theory of justice to be?
(a) The dominant political view.
(b) A viable alternative to other theories.
(c) Something to destroy the theories of Utilitarianism.
(d) Something to remember.
10. Why did Hobbes see the necessity of the Social Contract?
(a) Because he thought that was the law of nature.
(b) Because he thought it would help the British Empire.
(c) Because he thought people were naturally brutish.
(d) Because he thought people were stupid.
11. What is the implicit assumption that the Social Contract theory makes?
(a) That everyone intrinsically knows right from wrong.
(b) That there is a scientific truth.
(c) That there is a God.
(d) That there is some form of agreement between Individual and government.
12. Who was the father of Utilitarianism?
(a) David Hume.
(b) Jesus Christ.
(c) Karl Marx.
13. How, according to Rawls, does justice help to assign rights and duties?
(a) It enforces the law.
(b) It ensures that some people get more duties than others.
(c) It ensures that there is an equal distribution of such.
(d) It states who has the power and who doesn't.
14. Which century was Intuitionism first developed?
15. What is the essential problem of Intuitionism?
(a) It makes defending one’s country more difficult.
(b) It doesn't support a healthy economy.
(c) Many philosophers don't agree with it.
(d) Some people do not seem to act with a natural morality.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does the ignorant chooser know what is fair and what is not, according to Rawls?
2. What is the Veil of Ignorance in Rawls' argument?
3. What does Rawls believe is the dominant theory of political philosophy throughout the 20th Century?
4. What branch of philosophy is this book concerned with?
5. In the chapter “The Original Position,” what does Rawls say must be assumed about the person?
This section contains 635 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)