|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does the ignorant chooser know what is fair and what is not, according to Rawls?
(a) Because of an innate knowledge of fairness.
(b) Because they are taught what to believe.
(c) Because God told them so.
(d) Because the monarch told them so.
2. What is another name for the Original Position?
(a) The Brain in the Vat Argument.
(b) The Waiting Room Argument.
(c) The Man in the Barrel Argument.
(d) The First Argument.
3. In the chapter “The Original Position,” what does Rawls say must be assumed about the person?
(a) That they know the principles of philosophy.
(b) That they are wealthy.
(c) That they are tall.
(d) That they are a rational person.
4. Who should hold the greatest advantage in Rawls’ ideal society?
(a) The poor.
(b) No one.
(c) The royals.
(d) The rich.
5. Why is the argument called the Original Position?
(a) Because it was the first argument Rawls thought of.
(b) Because it was a very early argument that Rawls revived.
(c) Because it is about the first thing that a person sees when they wake up.
(d) Because it comes before everything else.
6. What is John Stuart Mill's Theory of Higher Pleasures?
(a) The belief that one should spend the most money on the finest things in life.
(b) The belief that intellectualism, refinement and poetry are better pleasures that dancing, lust or wealth.
(c) The belief that going to church is the highest form of pleasure.
(d) The belief that feelings are better pleasures than stability, wealth or objects.
7. What is the essential problem of Intuitionism?
(a) Many philosophers don't agree with it.
(b) It doesn't support a healthy economy.
(c) Some people do not seem to act with a natural morality.
(d) It makes defending one’s country more difficult.
8. Which century was Intuitionism first developed?
9. What defines a good society, according to Rawls?
(a) A society that owns the most land.
(b) A strong society.
(c) A just society.
(d) A wealthy society.
10. What does Rawls claim about the Social Contract theory?
(a) It is better than Utilitarian theory.
(b) It is ridiculous.
(c) It is better than Marxism.
(d) It is the only philosophy that makes sense.
11. Why did Hobbes see the necessity of the Social Contract?
(a) Because he thought people were stupid.
(b) Because he thought people were naturally brutish.
(c) Because he thought that was the law of nature.
(d) Because he thought it would help the British Empire.
12. What is the maxim of Utilitarian philosophy?
(a) Might makes right.
(b) The greatest good to the deserving.
(c) The greatest good to the wealthiest.
(d) The greatest good for the greatest number.
13. What does the Individual gain out of the Social Contract?
(a) Protection and security.
(b) Military might.
(c) Power and glory.
(d) Money and wealth.
14. What is the greatest criticism levelled against Utilitarianism?
(a) That majority views are ignored.
(b) It is not strong enough.
(c) That minority views are ignored.
(d) It's not realistic.
15. What is the first virtue of social institution, according to Rawls?
Short Answer Questions
1. How, according to Rawls, does justice help to assign rights and duties?
2. In what era was the theory of the Social Contract in favor?
3. What is the Veil of Ignorance in Rawls' argument?
4. What is the implicit assumption that the Social Contract theory makes?
5. What does the Individual lose from the Social Contract?
This section contains 647 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)