|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why is the argument called the Original Position?
(a) Because it comes before everything else.
(b) Because it is about the first thing that a person sees when they wake up.
(c) Because it was the first argument Rawls thought of.
(d) Because it was a very early argument that Rawls revived.
2. What is the greatest criticism levelled against Utilitarianism?
(a) It is not strong enough.
(b) It's not realistic.
(c) That majority views are ignored.
(d) That minority views are ignored.
3. What is the first virtue of social institution, according to Rawls?
4. What is the maxim of Utilitarian philosophy?
(a) The greatest good to the deserving.
(b) Might makes right.
(c) The greatest good for the greatest number.
(d) The greatest good to the wealthiest.
5. Which century was Intuitionism first developed?
6. What does Rawls accept about his own theory?
(a) That there is a degree of Marxism within it.
(b) That it might be hard to apply to the real world.
(c) That it is quite socialist.
(d) That there is a certain amount of Intuitionism present in 'fairness'.
7. What is the Veil of Ignorance in Rawls' argument?
(a) A metaphor for a different type of belief.
(b) A metaphor for not being able to tell what kind of society one will later be in.
(c) A garment worn by politicians.
(d) A metaphor to describe different types of citizens.
8. What is another name for the Original Position?
(a) The Man in the Barrel Argument.
(b) The Waiting Room Argument.
(c) The Brain in the Vat Argument.
(d) The First Argument.
9. What branch of philosophy is this book concerned with?
10. What does Rawls believe is the dominant theory of political philosophy throughout the 20th Century?
11. What is John Stuart Mill's Theory of Higher Pleasures?
(a) The belief that intellectualism, refinement and poetry are better pleasures that dancing, lust or wealth.
(b) The belief that feelings are better pleasures than stability, wealth or objects.
(c) The belief that going to church is the highest form of pleasure.
(d) The belief that one should spend the most money on the finest things in life.
12. Where did the early Intuitionists believe they got their appreciation of morals, rights and wrongs or fairness?
(a) Their parents.
(b) The king.
13. What is the essential problem of Intuitionism?
(a) It makes defending one’s country more difficult.
(b) Some people do not seem to act with a natural morality.
(c) Many philosophers don't agree with it.
(d) It doesn't support a healthy economy.
14. What does Rawls want his theory of justice to be?
(a) The dominant political view.
(b) Something to destroy the theories of Utilitarianism.
(c) A viable alternative to other theories.
(d) Something to remember.
15. How does the ignorant chooser know what is fair and what is not, according to Rawls?
(a) Because they are taught what to believe.
(b) Because God told them so.
(c) Because the monarch told them so.
(d) Because of an innate knowledge of fairness.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did Hobbes see the necessity of the Social Contract?
2. What is the implicit assumption that the Social Contract theory makes?
3. In the chapter “The Original Position,” what does Rawls say must be assumed about the person?
4. What defines a good society, according to Rawls?
5. Whom of the following was a leading 'Intuitionist'?
This section contains 631 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)