|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does the Individual lose from the Social Contract?
(a) Complete freedom.
(b) All their freedoms.
(c) The right to defend themselves.
(d) The right to own property.
2. What is another name for the Original Position?
(a) The Brain in the Vat Argument.
(b) The First Argument.
(c) The Waiting Room Argument.
(d) The Man in the Barrel Argument.
3. What does Rawls accept about his own theory?
(a) That it might be hard to apply to the real world.
(b) That there is a degree of Marxism within it.
(c) That it is quite socialist.
(d) That there is a certain amount of Intuitionism present in 'fairness'.
4. Which century was Intuitionism first developed?
5. What is the maxim of Utilitarian philosophy?
(a) Might makes right.
(b) The greatest good to the wealthiest.
(c) The greatest good to the deserving.
(d) The greatest good for the greatest number.
6. What do Intuitionist' believe in?
(a) That good and wrong are illusions told by the rich.
(b) That good and wrong are innately known.
(c) That good and wrong are taught.
(d) That good and wrong are revealed by God to the select few.
7. What does Rawls want his theory of justice to be?
(a) Something to destroy the theories of Utilitarianism.
(b) The dominant political view.
(c) Something to remember.
(d) A viable alternative to other theories.
8. What defines a good society, according to Rawls?
(a) A just society.
(b) A society that owns the most land.
(c) A wealthy society.
(d) A strong society.
9. Why did Hobbes see the necessity of the Social Contract?
(a) Because he thought people were stupid.
(b) Because he thought it would help the British Empire.
(c) Because he thought that was the law of nature.
(d) Because he thought people were naturally brutish.
10. In the chapter “The Original Position,” what does Rawls say must be assumed about the person?
(a) That they are a rational person.
(b) That they are wealthy.
(c) That they know the principles of philosophy.
(d) That they are tall.
11. What is the Veil of Ignorance in Rawls' argument?
(a) A metaphor to describe different types of citizens.
(b) A garment worn by politicians.
(c) A metaphor for a different type of belief.
(d) A metaphor for not being able to tell what kind of society one will later be in.
12. What is the greatest criticism levelled against Utilitarianism?
(a) That majority views are ignored.
(b) It is not strong enough.
(c) It's not realistic.
(d) That minority views are ignored.
13. Why does Utilitarian thinking not really understand the difference between persons?
(a) Utilitarianism is never applied to the society.
(b) Utilitarianism is never applied to the individual.
(c) That different people’s situations mean different levels of happiness, contentment or suffering.
(d) It perceives persons only as voters.
14. What branch of philosophy is this book concerned with?
15. Who should hold the greatest advantage in Rawls’ ideal society?
(a) No one.
(b) The royals.
(c) The poor.
(d) The rich.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does the Individual gain out of the Social Contract?
2. What does Rawls believe is the dominant theory of political philosophy throughout the 20th Century?
3. Whom of the following was a leading 'Intuitionist'?
4. What does Rawls think a person would decide about their society if they had any choice?
5. What is the first virtue of social institution, according to Rawls?
This section contains 573 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)