A Theory of Justice Quiz | Eight Week Quiz D

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through The Original Position.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the maxim of Utilitarian philosophy?
(a) The greatest good to the deserving.
(b) The greatest good to the wealthiest.
(c) The greatest good for the greatest number.
(d) Might makes right.

2. Why does Utilitarian thinking not really understand the difference between persons?
(a) Utilitarianism is never applied to the individual.
(b) It perceives persons only as voters.
(c) Utilitarianism is never applied to the society.
(d) That different people’s situations mean different levels of happiness, contentment or suffering.

3. Who was the father of Utilitarianism?
(a) Spinoza.
(b) Jesus Christ.
(c) Karl Marx.
(d) David Hume.

4. What is the greatest criticism levelled against Utilitarianism?
(a) That majority views are ignored.
(b) It is not strong enough.
(c) It's not realistic.
(d) That minority views are ignored.

5. What does Rawls want his theory of justice to be?
(a) A viable alternative to other theories.
(b) Something to remember.
(c) Something to destroy the theories of Utilitarianism.
(d) The dominant political view.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the Veil of Ignorance in Rawls' argument?

2. Why is the argument called the Original Position?

3. What does Rawls think a person would decide about their society if they had any choice?

4. How, according to Rawls, does justice help to assign rights and duties?

5. What does Rawls accept about his own theory?

(see the answer key)

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