A Philosophical Enquiry Into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is one of the primary causes of words influencing the passions?
(a) Our skepticism of and disdain for the emotional state of others.
(b) Our reliance on judgment and will to shape our passions.
(c) Our forceful imaginations' shaping of our emotions and desires.
(d) Our sympathizing with and identifying with the passions of others.

2. How does Burke define "gradual variation?"
(a) As the slight deviation of regular parts.
(b) As the general decline in beauty due to age.
(c) As the sudden movement of line or angle.
(d) As the rapid changes of an avid mind.

3. To what does Burke compare human listening methods?
(a) Children tossing and turning in sleep.
(b) Animals pricking up their ears.
(c) Birds flying away at sudden noises.
(d) Fish darting through the water.

4. What has Burke observed in himself regarding the passions and the body, in Section IV?
(a) That he found his mind in a certain state when he adopts a certain facial expression.
(b) That he has never been inclined to allow his emotions to influence his actions.
(c) That he is particularly susceptible to the physical effects of a refined sensibility.
(d) That he relates well to others who are in the same frame of mind as he.

5. According to Burke, why is sweetness pleasing?
(a) Because sweetness produces much saliva in the mouth.
(b) Because of the regularity and smoothness of the form of sugar.
(c) Because the first milk of infancy is sweet, and accustoms us to the taste.
(d) Because sweetness is a rare, and thus satisfying, sensation.

Short Answer Questions

1. To which scientific finding does Burke compare his study of the beautiful and sublime?

2. What does Burke criticize about the patrons of proportion?

3. Which of the following does Burke assert about beauty?

4. What visual example does Burke FIRST offer in his explanation of succession and the sublime?

5. According to Burke, what parts of the mind do beautiful things engage, and how?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why, according to Burke, is proportion not the cause of beauty in vegetation and animals?

2. Why are small objects more suited to the beautiful and large objects more suitable to the sublime, according to Burke?

3. In his discussion of proportionality among human figures, what censure does Burke lay upon advocates proportion-as-beauty?

4. What, according to Burke, is the primary strength of poetry?

5. Paraphrase Burke's definition of beauty and the distinction he makes between love and lust or desire.

6. What two examples does Burke use to illustrate the sublimity of succession in visual objects? Upon which principles does Burke assert these two examples operate?

7. To what effect does Burke use the example of Campanella?

8. What does Burke assert affects the mind besides natural causes, and how does this thing relate to natural causes?

9. How does Burke define ugliness, and how does Burke relate ugliness to beauty?

10. What, to Burke, is the most affecting type of language in poetry and literature?

(see the answer keys)

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