A Philosophical Enquiry Into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Burke use the example of Campanella?
(a) To illustrate the connection between mind and body.
(b) To demonstrate the perils of a lack of taste.
(c) To pose the question of having only one valid definition of the sublime.
(d) To argue for the existence of God.

2. Why, according to Burke, is proportion not the cause of beauty in animals?
(a) Because our idea of proportion is so clear and obvious as to preclude the beautiful.
(b) Because all species of animals have different proportions, yet we as a society deem them beautiful.
(c) Because beauty relies upon the relative length, width, and height of the object.
(d) Because proportion and geometry can only be discussed in reference to architecture.

3. According to Burke, why is sweetness pleasing?
(a) Because the first milk of infancy is sweet, and accustoms us to the taste.
(b) Because sweetness is a rare, and thus satisfying, sensation.
(c) Because of the regularity and smoothness of the form of sugar.
(d) Because sweetness produces much saliva in the mouth.

4. What type of word are man, castle, horse, etc., as defined by Burke?
(a) Imagistic words.
(b) Compounded abstract words.
(c) Aggregate words.
(d) Simple abstract words.

5. How does Burke separate natural and artificial objects?
(a) By claiming to distinguish nature and artifice as it pertains to humans.
(b) By asserting that the natural always prevails over the artificial.
(c) By separating the effects which they have on a person.
(d) By categorizing properties of nature and artifice in a long treatise.

6. What does Burke envision would be the result of fitness trumping beauty in the human species?
(a) All people would be healthy, regardless of their looks.
(b) Individuals would find it difficult to get married and begin families.
(c) Men would be considered more beautiful than women.
(d) The general intelligence quotient would rise dramatically.

7. What does Burke term "simple abstract" words?
(a) Those words which represent human emotions.
(b) Those words which comprise oaths and curses.
(c) Those words which stand for one straighforward idea.
(d) Those words which indicate political affiliations.

8. According to Burke, what parts of the mind do beautiful things engage, and how?
(a) Our hearts, through a sense of loveliness.
(b) Our dreams, through a sense of wonder.
(c) Our fears, through a sense of terror.
(d) Our defenses, through a sense of mistrust.

9. How does Burke define the beautiful in feeling?
(a) That which is roughly textured.
(b) That which highly arouses the emotions.
(c) That which is pleasant to the touch.
(d) That which can be simultaneously seen and smelled.

10. What example does Burke use to show that pain can be a source of pleasure?
(a) Hunger and fulfillment.
(b) Indolence and exercise.
(c) Drunkenness and being hungover.
(d) The thrill of fighting.

11. How does descriptive poetry operate, according to Burke?
(a) Through verbosity.
(b) Through imitation.
(c) Through substitution.
(d) Through imagination.

12. What, to Burke, is "great and amazing beyond conception?"
(a) The idea that the human eye can see essentially to infinity.
(b) The depth of feeling in one particular person about one particular issue.
(c) Two strong, but abstract ideas not representable by images, but only by language.
(d) That which can be the most effectively represented in painting or sculpture.

13. What examples does Burke use to illustrate authority vs. affection?
(a) Dogs and cats.
(b) The rich and the poor.
(c) Statesmen and artists.
(d) Fathers and mothers.

14. What example does Burke cite in his discussion of how people may convey ideas of things which they do not know?
(a) A deaf musician.
(b) A sickly child.
(c) A blind poet.
(d) A crippled politician.

15. How does the view of the object in question 8 become sublime by affecting the mind?
(a) By presenting the viewer with a skewed image of reality.
(b) By increasing the intensity of the image through succession.
(c) By overwhelming the judgment and the imagination.
(d) By gradually diminishing in intensity until it is almost not visible.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Burke consider darkness to be?

2. Burke contrasts smoothness to __________ in his discussion of beauty.

3. What passage does Burke offer as an example of the effect of words?

4. How does this body part produce the sense of the sublime, according to Burke?

5. Which kinds of words do not produce mental images, according to Burke?

(see the answer keys)

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