|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where, besides in humans, has Burke observed the effects of the passions mentioned in question 133?
(a) In cats.
(b) In birds.
(c) In dogs.
(d) In horses.
2. What has Burke personally observed about human beauty?
(a) That only a minority of people are not beautiful.
(b) That both beautiful and ugly people might be considered proportionate.
(c) That beauty is only skin-deep.
(d) That proportionality does indeed coincide with beauty.
3. What does Burke envision would be the result of fitness trumping beauty in the human species?
(a) Individuals would find it difficult to get married and begin families.
(b) Men would be considered more beautiful than women.
(c) All people would be healthy, regardless of their looks.
(d) The general intelligence quotient would rise dramatically.
4. What is John Locke's theory concerning darkness?
(a) Darkness is not naturally terrifying.
(b) Darkness represents human sin.
(c) Darkness must be feared.
(d) Darkness is necessary to our ideas of death.
5. What are the three effects of words Burke identifies?
(a) Wishing, hoping, and praying.
(b) Knowledge, desire, and response.
(c) Image, motion, and thought.
(d) Sound, picture, and affection.
6. Which example does Burke use to support his argument regarding the nature of darkness?
(a) A person who grew afraid of his own shadow.
(b) A blind boy who regains his sight.
(c) A dim, murky forest fraught with danger.
(d) A solar eclipse that frightened townsfolk.
7. How does Burke define "blackness?"
(a) As "increased darkness."
(b) As "necessarily evil."
(c) As "partial darkness."
(d) As "potentially dangerous."
8. What statement summarizes the real effects of fitness, as described by Burke?
(a) Fitness is designed to incite introspection and excite people into socially-important action.
(b) The purpose of fitness is to describe the differences between the species of animals and plants.
(c) There can be nothing sublime without being fit or beautiful.
(d) God gave each thing a particular fitness to make us fully understand and marvel at the mysteries of the world.
9. What sense does Burke use to illustrate the artificial infinite?
10. What does Burke expressly wish to discuss in this part of "A Philosophical Enquiry Into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful"?
(a) The connections between the thoughts in the mind and emotions produced in the body.
(b) The different cultural concepts of the beautiful in countries other than England.
(c) The various manifestations of the sublime and the beautiful in early-modern England.
(d) The usefulness of the sublime in formulating theories of art.
11. What example does Burke use to show that pain can be a source of pleasure?
(a) Indolence and exercise.
(b) The thrill of fighting.
(c) Drunkenness and being hungover.
(d) Hunger and fulfillment.
12. What example does Burke use to illustrate his idea of gradual variation?
(a) The hazy shapes of a mountain range.
(b) The neckline of a beautiful woman.
(c) The tones of a dimly-lit room.
(d) A boldly colored flower.
13. What example does Burke cite in his discussion of how people may convey ideas of things which they do not know?
(a) A deaf musician.
(b) A crippled politician.
(c) A blind poet.
(d) A sickly child.
14. Upon what does the power of poetry NOT depend, according to Burke?
15. How does Burke describe "delightful horror?"
(a) As an "impossible state of mind."
(b) As a "positively painful process."
(c) As the "most contradictory emotion."
(d) As "tranquility tinged with terror."
Short Answer Questions
1. How, according to Burke, can we be affected by things we as individuals never experienced?
2. What is another word for the "fitness" of objects about which Burke writes?
3. What is Burke's argument about the relation of danger to the sublime?
4. To what does Burke tie his own opinion of darkness and the sublime?
5. What has Burke observed in himself regarding the passions and the body, in Section IV?
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