A Philosophical Enquiry Into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where, besides in humans, has Burke observed the effects of the passions mentioned in question 133?
(a) In horses.
(b) In cats.
(c) In birds.
(d) In dogs.

2. To what does a "clear" expression relate?
(a) To one's passions and one's feelings.
(b) To one's understanding and to reality.
(c) To one's will and one's desires.
(d) To one's soul and one's intellect.

3. What is Locke's general theory of language, as related by Burke?
(a) Locke argues that children are taught words before they are taught the actual meaning of words, which can confuse them.
(b) Locke illustrates the superficiality of language, arguing that it is a specious method of communication.
(c) Locke describes language as a cohesive system in which the meaning of words never varies from context to context.
(d) Locke opines that language stems from the animalistic desire of our brains to overcome adversity.

4. According to Burke, what parts of the mind do beautiful things engage, and how?
(a) Our hearts, through a sense of loveliness.
(b) Our dreams, through a sense of wonder.
(c) Our defenses, through a sense of mistrust.
(d) Our fears, through a sense of terror.

5. What sense does Burke use to illustrate the artificial infinite?
(a) Sight.
(b) Smell.
(c) Touch.
(d) Sound.

6. What does Burke term "compounded abstract" words?
(a) Those words which represent complex ideas.
(b) Those words which indicate natural phenomena.
(c) Those words which determine scientific nomenclature.
(d) Those words which stand for literary ideas.

7. What examples does Burke use to prove that human proportionality does not necessarily equal human beauty?
(a) Lyric and rhyme.
(b) Trees and flowers.
(c) Painting and sculpture.
(d) Learning and habit.

8. How does descriptive poetry operate, according to Burke?
(a) Through verbosity.
(b) Through substitution.
(c) Through imitation.
(d) Through imagination.

9. What are the first examples Burke cites to demonstrate his argument about beauty and proportion?
(a) Certain literary texts.
(b) Various types of flowers.
(c) People he knows.
(d) Several kinds of animals.

10. Which two effects are often combined and alternated under the passions mentioned in question 7?
(a) Desire and frigidity.
(b) Contentment and consternation.
(c) Loathing and lust.
(d) Strength and weakness.

11. What does Burke criticize about the patrons of proportion?
(a) That they view their own works and views as superior to nature.
(b) That they are not clear enough in defining proportionality.
(c) That they have not expanded their architectural projects enough.
(d) That they are disproportionate and ugly.

12. What does Burke expressly wish to discuss in this part of "A Philosophical Enquiry Into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful"?
(a) The connections between the thoughts in the mind and emotions produced in the body.
(b) The various manifestations of the sublime and the beautiful in early-modern England.
(c) The usefulness of the sublime in formulating theories of art.
(d) The different cultural concepts of the beautiful in countries other than England.

13. What is Burke's general opinion of linking beauty to virtue?
(a) Doing so cements our imaginative and reasoning faculties together.
(b) Doing so is a proper approach to the social construction of virtue.
(c) Doing so corrupts our morality and taste by removing our reasoning and judgment.
(d) Doing so endangers social morality because so few things are actually beautiful.

14. What has Burke observed in himself regarding the passions and the body, in Section IV?
(a) That he is particularly susceptible to the physical effects of a refined sensibility.
(b) That he relates well to others who are in the same frame of mind as he.
(c) That he has never been inclined to allow his emotions to influence his actions.
(d) That he found his mind in a certain state when he adopts a certain facial expression.

15. What does NOT make certain objects or experiences affect us the way they do?
(a) Any learning about the thing.
(b) Any natural power of the thing.
(c) Any associations we form around the thing.
(d) Any strong memories regarding the thing.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Burke define "beauty?"

2. What type of word are man, castle, horse, etc., as defined by Burke?

3. According to Burke, who is most capable of beauty?

4. According to Burke, what is the mechanical reason darkness is terrible?

5. To what does Burke refer when he introduces physiognomy as part of beauty?

(see the answer keys)

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