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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What city did Xenophon represent in the military?
2. What did being born into Knight class mean for Xenophon?
3. How were Cyrus's military actions against his brother perceived?
4. Which one of the following does not describe Alcibiades as he is portrayed in the book?
5. Which biographer included Xenophon in his works?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did the politician do to raise the money for the soldiers and what type of solution did that provide?
2. Where were the sailors who were granted pay living, and what kind of lifestyle did they have?
3. What caused the decisions made by Generals that resulted in the exile of many mid-range officers?
4. Why was Xenophon's loyalty questioned when he served in the Athenian military?
5. What is the point of Cyrus's story as it is told by Xenophon?
6. What is the main point of Cinadon's story?
7. What hardships did the sailors encounter when they were not at war?
8. Why is the bibliography located in the front of the book, and what is the editor's advice regarding the notes that follow it?
9. What were the reasons why women of ancient Greece would want to be included in the military, and what were some of the reasons why they would not?
10. What famous philosopher did Xenophon know, and how does that provide insight into certain historical events?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare and contrast the two major methods for making decisions in ancient Greece. First, explain how augury is defined and the way it is used to help the ancient Greeks with their decisions. Second, describe the oracles, where and how they take place, the possible confusion in their interpretation, and why they are considered a highly credible source of wisdom.
Essay Topic 2
Continuing with his fascination of the virtues of military leaders, Xenophon presents the story of Polydamas.
1) Describe Polydamas's leadership style, including how he tests his men, and the actions taken as a result of those tests.
2) Explain how Polydamas's men are rewarded for their skills, and the value of honor and loyalty in the military.
3) Analyze the opinions of Jason, pertaining to the King of Persia, and how they compare to Xenophon's opinion of Persia in general.
Essay Topic 3
Explain the events surrounding the surprise massacre of a town during a religious festival. Include the reasons for the attack, how religion is valued in ancient Greece, why this story might contradict that value, and what message Xenophon could be attempting to deliver.
This section contains 1,023 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)