|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The principle of "being born again" and the practice of mysticism-for-everyone resulted, occasionally, in violent ecstasies as witnessed in the gatherings of ____________.
2. What movement does Armstrong identify as a possible direction for a new philosophy for religion and God?
3. The first Zionists essentially follow a religion without ____________.
4. In Europe, scientists such as _______________, published their own theories as to the meaning and role of God in modern life, while, in England, the physicist Isaac Newton extended his opus magnus "Philosophiae Natruralis Principia" to prove God's existence.
5. Christianity attempted to qualify the highly personalized cult of God incarnate by introducing ____________.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Various movements and sects emerged during the first two centuries of Christianity.
Part 1) What are these various movements and sects? How did they come to be? What happened to these sects over time? Why did this occur?
Part 2) Why were educated non-Christians drawn to the religion? What does this say about the early Christians and the culture at the time?
Part 3) Are many non-Christians drawn to the church today? If so, why? If not, why not?
Essay Topic 2
Armstrong discusses the development of a personal God.
Part 1) Describe this development, according to Armstrong. Why did a personal God come to be in these three major religions?
Part 2) What is an inherent danger in a personal God? How was this seen throughout history? How is this seen today?
Part 3) Why did the members of these religions feel that a personal God was necessary? How is this still important today?
Essay Topic 3
A new conservative Islam arose.
Part 1) Why did this occur? How does this conservative version of Islam compare to previous sects?
Part 2) How did this new Islam change Islam permanently, as well as Muslim relations with other religions and other groups of people?
Part 30 How is this change seen today? Could this conservative sect weaken or change? If so, how? If not, why not?
This section contains 404 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)