|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Back in London Wesley became a convert to this religion and preached his new faith to ____________.
(b) The merchant class.
(c) The workers and peasants in the countryside.
(d) The bourgeoisie.
2. The scientific work of Charles Darwin and the writings of Marx, Nietzsche, and Freud led to the conclusion that ____________.
(a) The traditional religions were blasphemous.
(b) The traditional religions were correct.
(c) The traditional religions were now inadequate.
(d) The traditional religions were completely inaccurate.
3. In the Western world, the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries saw the development of entirely new cultures stemming from ____________.
(a) The Medieval Period.
(b) The Northern Renaissance.
(c) The Baroque Period.
(d) The Italian Renaissance and the beginning of the scientific discoveries.
4. Implied in these modifications in the traditional religions and their concepts of God is the notion that ____________.
(a) The way forward might be in a unification of the concept of the deity.
(b) The way forward might be in an ending of the concept of the deity.
(c) The way forward might be in conflicting ideas of the concept of the deity.
(d) The way forward might be in a separation of the concept of the deity.
5. More and more writers and philosophers struggle to develop ideas which might replace ____________.
(b) The old religions.
(d) New religions.
6. The focal point for the new spirituality was in the town of ____________.
(b) Safed in Galilee.
7. Kabbalists used _______________ between the essence of God and the God who is revealed by the reality of creation.
(a) The Gnostic and Neoclassical distinction.
(b) The Vedic and Neoplatonic distinction.
(c) The Vedic and Neopolitan distinction.
(d) The Gnostic and Neoplatonic distinction.
8. Advances in Western science led to ____________.
(a) An end to religion.
(b) The exile of all non-Christians in Europe.
(c) A reexamination of the Christian religion and even to questioning the existence of God.
(d) An exiting of thousands from the Christian religion.
9. Nietzsche proclaimed that God ____________.
(a) Is in all things.
(b) Was dead.
(c) Never existed.
(d) Was in hiding.
10. The classic texts of this form of Judaic mysticism were written ____________.
(a) In Canaan in the fifth and sixth centuries.
(b) In Babylon in the fifth and sixth centuries.
(c) In Jerusalem in the fifth and sixth centuries.
(d) In Assyria in the fifth and sixth centuries.
11. What did this mystical tradition describe?
(a) A journey to the Throne of God through the mythical realm of ten heavens.
(b) A journey to the Throne of God through the mythical realm of five heavens.
(c) A journey to the Throne of God through the mythical realm of seven heavens.
(d) A journey to the Throne of God through the mythical realm of heaven.
12. What did Nietzsche teach about the Christian God?
(a) He does not understand his people.
(b) He needs to change.
(c) He is confused.
(d) He is absurd and "a crime against life."
13. By 1492, the last Muslim stronghold in Spain had fallen to ____________.
(a) The Christian forces of Pope John Paul.
(b) The Christian forces of Constantine.
(c) The Christian forces of Ferdinand and Isabella.
(d) The Christian forces of Franz Ferdinand.
14. These practices emphasized the internal journey to experience the Deity and preached the principle that ____________.
(a) God resides in holy places.
(b) God resides in the earth.
(c) God resides in the holy.
(d) God resides in each individual.
15. What approach to religion does Armstrong advocate?
(a) A fundamentalist approach.
(b) A mystical approach.
(c) The desirability of a compassionate approach to religion.
(d) The rationalistic and literal interpretation of the sacred scripts.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Armstrong notice is happening to the churches in Europe?
2. In this chapter Karen Armstrong outlines the developments in the nineteenth century which led to ____________.
3. What removes God from the personal human category to transcend the human attributes?
4. Some scholars suggest that the decline of Muslim science marked the beginning of ____________.
5. The Muslims experienced problems with what passages in the Koran?
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