President George W. Bush Research Article from Complete American Presidents Sourcebook

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The election of 2000 renewed debate over whether the Electoral College should be abolished in favor of using the popular vote to determine who becomes president.

When the U.S. Constitution was being drafted, delegates devised the Electoral College as a way to entrust the responsibility to the people for electing presidents. The delegates agreed that an election based on the popular vote could easily be influenced by partisan politics. They were also concerned that voters in one state might not be well informed about a candidate from another state.

Since 1961, the total of state and District of Columbia electors has been 538; a simple majority of 270 is necessary for election. The presidential candidate who receives the most votes in a particular state wins all of that state's electoral votes (except for Maine and Nebraska, where electoral votes are awarded for winning a congressional district). The number...

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This section contains 236 words
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Buy the President George W. Bush Encyclopedia Article
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President George W. Bush from Complete American Presidents Sourcebook. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.