Medieval Europe 814-1350: Politics, Law, Military Research Article from World Eras

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The English nobility placed restraints on the monarchy by making King John I affix his seal to the Articles of the Barons (more commonly known as the Magna Carta or Great Charter) at Runnymede in Surrey on 15 June 1215.

A free man shall not be fined for a small offense, except in proportion to the gravity of the offense; and for the great offense he shall be fined in proportion to the magnitude of the offense, saving his freehold [property]; and a merchant in the same way, saying his merchandise; and the villein [a free serf, bound only to his lord] shall be fined in the same way, saving his wainage [wagon], if he shall be at [the king's] mercy. And none of the above fines shall be imposed except by the oaths of honest men of the neighborhood.

No constable or other bailiff of [the...

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This section contains 397 words
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Buy the Medieval Europe 814-1350: Politics, Law, Military Encyclopedia Article
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Medieval Europe 814-1350: Politics, Law, Military from World Eras. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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