Ancient Mesopotamia 3300-331 B.C.E.: Geography Research Article from World Eras

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The city of Mari (modern Tell Hariri) was founded in the middle Euphrates River valley by unknown builders early in the third millennium B.C.E. This part of Syria is a semi-arid region with insufficient rainfall to support dry-farming agriculture. Nonetheless, the founders of Mari established their city on a canal-laced terrace a few kilometers west of the river. They surrounded the city with a circular dike to protect it from floods and connected it to the river through a diversion canal. Behind the dike stood a 6.7-meter-thick (22 feet) defensive rampart. The area is at an important juncture between the main irrigation-based Sumerian city-states along the lower Euphrates River to the south and the dry-farming plains of north Syria along the upper Euphrates and Khabur Rivers, but Mari itself is of no agricultural significance. The position of Mari seems rather to have been determined by the location...

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This section contains 375 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Ancient Mesopotamia 3300-331 B.C.E.: Geography Encyclopedia Article
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World Eras
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