America 1900-1909: Business and the Economy Research Article from American Decades

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Portrait of America.

The first decade of the twentieth-century saw profound change in the makeup of America. According to the twelfth decennial census in 1900, the population was more than seventy-six million, an increase of nearly 21 percent from the 1890 census. The population continued to grow rapidly throughout the decade as nearly nine million immigrants entered the country, with most arrivals coming from Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. The record year for immigrants was 1907, when 1.29 million people entered the United States. By the end of the decade the U.S. population had risen to ninety-one million. One-third of the populace lived in an urban area by the beginning of the century, mostly in the eastern United States, the center of industrialism; New York was the largest city, followed by Chicago and Philadelphia. Agriculture, which had employed the majority of American workers in the nineteenth century, was slowly being replaced by industrial...

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This section contains 2,664 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the America 1900-1909: Business and the Economy Encyclopedia Article
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