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The distribution of German territory was in reaction to policies of imperialism and nationalist movements of the people. WWI began due to Germanys attempt to dominate Europe through land possession and economic competition. The other nations did not want Germany to be able to place Europe in this position again. The Treaty of Versailles was a way to get back at Germany for all these troubles. The treaty gave Alsace-Lorraine to France, which had been a main nationalist focal point in France. The Saar Basin was also given to France as compensation for the destruction of coal mines. The Saar Basin article in the Treaty of Versailles is wrought with nationalist and imperialist tones and ideas.. The redistribution of the African and Pacific colonies was due to the imperialist tendencies of the countries, Great Britain, France and Japan, which received them.
Another cause of WWI that was dealt with in the Treaty of Versailles was Militarism. The German army's size was restricted, and they were no longer allowed to operate submarines and airplanes. Their alliance with Austria was also forbidden. All these obligations stated in the treaty show a strong militaristic tone. The final cause of the war was international anarchy, which was countered when the League of Nations was created to keep world peace.