Enzyme Essay | Essay

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Uses of Enzymes

Summary: Describes many commercial uses of enzymes, including detergents, leather, antibiotics and fructose production.
Commercial Uses Of Enzymes

Detergents

Detergents were the first large scale application for microbial enzymes. Bacterial proteinases are still the most important detergent enzymes. Some products have been genetically engineered to be more stable in the hostile environment of washing machines with several different chemicals present. These hostile agents include anionic detergents, oxidising agents and high pH.

Late 80s lipid degrading enzymes were introduced in powder and liquid detergents. Lipases decompose fats into more water-soluble compounds by hydrolysing the ester bonds between the glycerol backbone and fatty acid.

Amylases are used in detergents to remove starch based stains. Amylases hydrolyse gelatinised starch, which tends to stick on textile fibres and bind other stain components. Cellulases have been part of detergents since early 90s. Cellulase is actually an enzyme complex capable of degrading crystalline cellulose to glucose. In textile washing cellulases remove cellulose microfibrils, which are formed during washing...

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This section contains 1,865 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Student Essay on Uses of Enzymes
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