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Essay | The Rise and Fall of Candide's Optimism

This student essay consists of approximately 3 pages of analysis of The Rise and Fall of Candide's Optimism.
This section contains 663 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Student Essay on The Rise and Fall of Candide's Optimism

The Rise and Fall of Candide's Optimism

Summary: Throughout Voltaire's novel, Candide endures many hardships and misfortunes that lead him to sway between the theory of philosophical optimism taught to him by Pangloss, and the pessimistic approach of his new friend Martin. Whether Candide leans toward the view of Pangloss or the view of Martin depends on his own fortunes at that time.
The Rise and Fall of Candide's Faith in the Theory of Philosophical Optimism

Candide is a naïve individual who is plagued with many hardships and misfortunes throughout the novel. He has been instructed by Pangloss in the theory of philosophical optimism, and believes that the hardships he has faced happened for a reason.

In chapter 6, Candide has hit a standstill. He is whipped severely and His mentor Pangloss has been hanged. He shows no doubt, but is plagued with confusion. He starts to question that this is, in fact, the best of all possible worlds.

"If this is the best of all possible worlds, what then are the others? Well, if I had been only whipped I could put up with it, for I experienced that among the Bulgarians; but oh, my dear Pangloss!"

Candide's first signs of doubting Pangloss' theory of...

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This section contains 663 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Student Essay on The Rise and Fall of Candide's Optimism
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