Cardiac cycle Essay | Essay

This student essay consists of approximately 2 pages of analysis of The Cardiac Cycle.
This section contains 325 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)

The Cardiac Cycle

Summary: Provides an overview of the cardiac cycle. Describes what each part does.
Basically, the cardiac cycle is the process by which the heart operates, and what happens as it contracts. There are two phases that take place during this cycle, which are called the diastole and systole phases. In short terms, the diastole phase is where the atria and ventricles are relaxed and not working, while the heart fills itself with blood, and in the systole phase, the ventricles are contracting sending all the oxygenated blood to major and minor arteries.

Okay. So, what exactly happens during the diastole phase"

Well, as it was mentioned above, during this stage both the atria and ventricles are relaxed, while blood is entering the heart. Specifically, the blood enters into the left and right atria. The atrioventricular valves, valves composed of endocardium and connective tissue, are open, allowing the blood to flow from the atria to the ventricles. Then, the sinoatrial node, a section of nodal tissue that's located on the upper wall of the right atrium, sets the contraction rate of the heart, and starts atrial contraction, pushing the last of the blood into the ventricles. Finally, the semilunar valves (located between the aorta and left ventricle, and the pulmonary artery and right ventricle) close, preventing blood to flow back into the atria

And the systole phase"

Mainly in this phase, the ventricles begin contraction, pumping blood to the arteries, and the arteries carry it to the rest of the body, only to bring it back again to start the cycle once more. After the ventricle contracts, the atrioventricular valves close, and the semilunar valves open, allowing passage for the blood to enter the aorta and pulmonary artery. The aorta carries it to the limbs, head, neck, and other body parts, while the pulmonary artery takes it to the lungs.

And then the process is repeated over and over again! Now that you think of it...the heart is a pretty strong muscle, isn't it?

Most definitely.

This section contains 325 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
The Cardiac Cycle from BookRags. (c)2016 BookRags, Inc. All rights reserved.
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