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In The McCarthy Era, Senator Joseph McCarthy claimed that there was a "homosexual underground" that was abetting the communist conspiracy. The nation was getting stirred up by McCarthy. Between April-December 1950, homosexual workers were fired 60 per month. McCarthy himself was accused of being a homosexual. He was married to his secretary, adopted a child, but the rumors of his homosexuality continued to linger around.
Weird how these two are so different in topic, but so similar in what happened. The McCarthy Era is almost an exact replica of what happened in The Crucible. There were witch hunts (not actual witch hunts in the McCarthy Era), people suffered because of one person, and in the end, someone died. But the McCarthy incident did follow exactly what happened in The Crucible.
McCarthy was pointing the finger at homosexuals like Abigail was pointing the finger at Mary in The Crucible. McCarthy was accused of being a homosexual was accused of being a witch by the church at the beginning of the story, but the other girls were able to throw some of the attention off of Abigail, allowing her to escape alive at the end. This is where the McCarthy incident and The Crucible start to differ. While Abigail was able to get away alive, McCarthy didn't get away so easy with what he was doing. President Eisenhower was unhappy with what McCarthy was doing and decided to put an end to his little witch hunt he was running. December 2nd, a censure motion condemned McCarthy's conduct, and he lost his power. He eventually died in 1957 from cirrhosis of the liver.
Arthur Miller probably felt the need to remind Americans of the events that happened in old Salem because this is still going on today. People are still being discriminated against because of their sexual preference and are getting punished for it. They are getting targeted just as innocent people were in old Salem.