The Campaign of Chancellorsville eBook

Theodore Ayrault Dodge
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 256 pages of information about The Campaign of Chancellorsville.
But Hooker was blind to the fact that the possession of this height would enable either himself or his enemy to enfilade the other’s lines; and before daybreak the entire force was ordered to move back to Chancellorsville.  In order to do this, the intervening swamp had to be bridged, and the troops handled with extreme care.  When all but Graham had been withdrawn, a smart attack was made upon his brigade by Archer of Hill’s command, who charged up and captured the Hazel Grove height; but it was with no serious Federal loss, except a gun and caisson stalled in the swamp.  Sickles drew in his line by the right, and was directed to place his two divisions so as to strengthen the new line at Fairview.

Reynolds’s corps had arrived the evening before, and, after somewhat blind instructions, had been placed along the east of Hunting Run, from the Rapidan to the junction of Ely’s and United-States Ford roads, in a location where the least advantage could be gained from his fresh and eager troops, and where, in fact, the corps was not called into action at all, restless however Reynolds may have been under his enforced inactivity.

The Eleventh Corps had gone to the extreme left, where it had relieved Meade; Sykes was already formed on Reynolds’s left, (having rapidly moved to the cross roads at dusk on Saturday;) while Meade with the rest of his corps, so soon as Howard had relieved him, went into position to support this entire line on the extreme right of the Army of the Potomac.  Thus three strong army corps henceforth disappear from effective usefulness in the campaign.

The Confederate position opposite Fairview had been entirely rectified during the night to prepare for the expected contest.  The division of A. P. Hill was now in the front line, perpendicular to the road, Archer on the extreme right, and McGowan, Lane, Pender, and Thomas, extending towards the left; the two latter on the north of the road.  Heth was in reserve, behind Lane and Pender.  Archer and McGowan were half refused from the general line at daylight, so as to face, and if possible drive Sickles from Hazel Grove.  Archer was taking measures with a view to forcing a connection with Anderson; while the latter sent Perry by the Catharpen road, and Posey direct, towards the Furnace, with like purpose.

Colston was drawn up in second line with Trimble’s division; while Rodes, who had led the van in the attack on Howard of last evening, now made the third.  The artillery of the corps was disposed mainly on the right of the line, occupying, shortly after daylight, the Hazel-Grove crest, and at Melzi Chancellor’s, in the clearing, where the Eleventh Corps had met its disaster.

There was thus opposed to the Federal right centre, (Berry’s, Whipple’s, and Birney’s divisions of the Third Corps, and Williams’s of the Twelfth,) consisting of about twenty-two thousand men, the whole of Jackson’s corps, now reduced to about the same effective; while Anderson, on the left of the plank road, feeling out towards the Furnace, and McLaws on the right, with seventeen thousand men between them, confronted our left centre, consisting of Geary of the Twelfth, and Hancock of the Second Corps, numbering not much above twelve thousand for duty.

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The Campaign of Chancellorsville from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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