“Every disposition was made of our forces to hold our line as long as practicable, for the purpose of being in readiness to co-operate with the movement which had been ordered to be made on our left.”
“The attack was renewed by the enemy about seven o’clock in the morning, and was bravely resisted by the limited number of troops I could bring into action until eleven o’clock, when orders were given for the army to establish itself on the new line. This it did in good order. The position I abandoned was one that I had held at a disadvantage; and I kept the troops on it as long as I did, only for the purpose of enabling me to hear of the approach of the force under Gen. Sedgwick.” Thus much Hooker.
The position of both armies shortly after daybreak was substantially that to which the operation of Saturday had led.
The crest at Fairview was crowned by eight batteries of the Third and Twelfth Corps, supported by Whipple’s Second brigade (Bowman’s), in front to the left, forming, as it were, a third line of infantry.
In advance of the artillery some five hundred yards, (a good half-mile from the Chancellor House,) lay the Federal line of battle, on a crest less high than Fairview, but still commanding the tangled woods in its front to a limited distance, and with lower ground in its rear, deepening to a ravine on the south of the plank road. Berry’s division held this line north of the plank road, occupying the ground it had fought over since dusk of the evening before. Supporting it somewhat later was Whipple’s First brigade (Franklin’s). Berdan’s sharpshooters formed a movable skirmish-line; while another, and heavier, was thrown out by Berry from his own troops.
A section of Dimick’s battery was trained down the road.
Williams’s division of the Twelfth Corps was to the south of the plank road, both he and Berry substantially in one line, and perpendicular to it; while Mott’s brigade was massed in rear of Williams’s right.
Near Williams’s left flank, but almost at right angles to it, came Geary’s division, in the same intrenched line he had defended the day before; and on his left again, the Second Corps, which had not materially changed its position since Friday.
The angle thus formed by Geary and Williams, looked out towards cleared fields, and rising ground, surmounted by some farm-buildings on a high crest, about six hundred yards from Fairview.
At this farm, called Hazel Grove, during the night, and until just before daybreak, holding a position which could have been utilized as an almost impregnable point d’appui, and which, so long as it was held, practically prevented, in the approaching battle, a junction of Lee’s severed wings, had lain Birney’s and Whipple’s divisions. This point they had occupied, (as already described,) late the evening before, after Sickles and Pleasonton had finished their brush with Jackson’s right brigades.