The Natural History of Wiltshire eBook

John Aubrey
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 207 pages of information about The Natural History of Wiltshire.

Mdm.  In my journey to Oxford, comeing through Bagley-wood, on St. Mark’s day, 1695,1 discovered two chalybiate springs there, in the highway; which On May the 10th I tryed with powder of galles, and they give as black a tincture as ever I saw such waters:  one may write with it as legibly as with black lead.

At the gate at Wotton Common, near Cumnor in Berkshire, is a spring which I have great reason to believe is such another:  and also at the foot of Shotover-hill, near the upping-stock, I am confident by the clay, is such another spring.  Deo gratias.
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Quæres for the Tryall of Minerall Waters; by the Honourable Sir William Petty, Kt.:-

1.  How much heavier ’tis than brandy ? 2.  How much common water will extinguish its tast ? 3.  What quantity of salt upon its evaporation ? 4.  How much sugar, allum, vitriol, nitre, will dissolve in a pint of it ? 5.  Whether any animalcule will breed in it, and in how long time ? 6.  Whether fish, viz. trout, eeles, &c. will live in it, and how long? 7.  Whether ’twill hinder or promote the curdling of milk, and fermentation ? 8.  Whether soape will mingle with it ? 9.  Whether ’twill extract the dissolvable parts of herbes, rootes, seedes, &c. more or less than other waters; (i. e.) whether it be a more powerful menstruum ? 10.  How galles will change its colour ? 11.  How ’twill change the colour of syrup of violets ? 12.  How it differs from other waters in receiving colours, cochineel, saffron, violets &c.? 13.  How it boyles dry pease? 14.  How it colours fresh beefe, or other flesh in boyling ? 15.  How it washes hands, beards, linnen, sec. ? 16.  How it extracts mault in brewing ? 17.  How it quenches thirst, with meat or otherwise ?

8.  Whether it purges; in what quantity, time, and with what symptomes? 19.  Whether it promotes urine, sweat, or sleep ? 20.  In what time it passeth, and how afterwards ? 21.  Whether it sharpens or flattens the appetite to meate ? 22.  Whether it vomits, causes coughs, &c. ? 23.  Whether it swell the belly, legges; and how, in what time, and quantity &c. ? 24.  How it affects sucking children, and (if tryed) foetus in the wombe ? 25.  Whether it damps or excites venerie ? 26.  How blood lett whilest the waters are dranke lookes, and how it changes ? 27.  In what degrees it purges, in different degrees of evaporation, and brewed ? 28.  Whether it breakes away by eructation and downwards ? 29.  Whether it kills the asparagus in the urine? 30.  What quantity may be taken of it in prime ? 31.  Whether a sprig of mint or willow growes equally as out of other waters? 32.  In what time they putrify and stink ?

CHAPTER III.  RIVERS.

[The following extracts include the whole of this chapter, with the exception of a few extraneous passages.-J.  B.]

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The Natural History of Wiltshire from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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