Marketts. — Warminster is exceeding much
frequented for a round corn-market on Saturday.
Hither come the best teemes of horses, and it is much
resorted to by buyers. Good horses for the coach:
some of 20li. + It is held to be the greatest corn-market
by much in the West of England. My bayliif has
assured me that twelve or fourteen score loades of
corne on market-dayes are brought thither: the
glovers that work in their shops at the towne’s
end doe tell the carts as they come in; but this market
of late yeares has decayed; the reason whereof I had
from my honored friend Henry Millburne, Esq. Recorder
of Monmouth. [The reason assigned is, that Mr. Millburne
“encouraged badgars” to take corn from
Monmouthshire to Bristol; whereupon the bakers there,
finding the Welsh corn was better, and could be more
cheaply conveyed to them than that grown in Wiltshire,
forsook Warminster Market. — J. B.]
My bayliff, an ancient servant to our family, assures
me that, about 1644, six quarters of wheat would stand,
as they terme it, Hindon Market, which is now perhaps
the second best market after Warminster in this county.
I have heard old men say long since that the market
at Castle Combe
was considerable in the time of the staple: the market day is Munday.
Now only some eggs and butter, &c.
Marleborough Market is Saturday: one of the greatest
markets for cheese in the west of England. Here
doe reside factors for the cheesemongers of London.
King Edgar granted a charter to Steeple Ashton. [Aubrey
has transcribed the charter at length, from the original
Latin. — J. B.] The towne was burnt about the
yeare ....... before which time it was a market-town;
but out of the ashes of this sprang up the market at
Lavington, which flourisheth still. [Lavington market
has long been discontinued in consequence of its vicinity
to the Devizes, which has superior business attractions.-J.
At Highworth was the greatest market, on Wednesday,
for fatt cattle in our county, which was furnished
by the rich vale; and the Oxford butchers furnished
themselves here. In the late civill warres it
being made a garrison for the King, the graziers,
to avoid the rudeness of the souldiers, quitted that
market, and went to Swindon, four miles distant, where
the market on Munday continues still, which before
was a petty, inconsiderable one. Also, the plague
was at Highworth before the late warres, which was
very prejudiciall to the market there; by reason whereof
all the countrey sent their cattle to Swindown market,
as they did before to Highworth.
Devises. — On Thursday a very plentifull market
of every thing: but the best for fish in the
county. They bring fish from Poole hither, which
is sent from hence to Oxford.