Civil Government of Virginia eBook

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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 227 pages of information about Civil Government of Virginia.

Militia is a body composed of citizens enrolled and trained as soldiers for the defence of the State.  All able-bodied male persons between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years may be called to serve in the militia.  Naval forces are military forces or militia that serve on sea.

Invasion is the entrance into a State of a military force from another country for the purpose of conquest.  To repel invasion is to oppose it by force, to drive off the invaders.  Insurrection is a rising or rebellion of people in a State against the government of their own State.  It is the duty of the governor to suppress—­ that is, to put down—­insurrection, and to enforce the execution of the laws—­that is, to carry out the laws by force if necessary.  Intercourse is correspondence with others by letter or message.  When it is necessary to have intercourse with another State or a foreign country, the governor, as the chief executive and highest representative of the people, is the person who conducts such correspondence.

The recess of the General Assembly is the time when it is not in session.  During recess of the Assembly, the governor may fill vacancies in public offices for which the Constitution and laws make no provision.  For example, the Constitution and laws make no provision for the appointment of judges during the recess of Assembly; therefore, if a judge dies during the recess, the governor appoints a person to fill the vacancy until the Assembly meets and elects a new judge.

A fine is a penalty or punishment in the form of payment of money.  Sometimes a person convicted of an offence against the law is ordered by the judge to pay a sum of money instead of being sent to jail.  This is called a fine.  But it may happen that the person is convicted by mistake or by false evidence, or that the fine is too heavy for the person to pay.  In such cases the governor may remit the fines—­that is, release or free the persons from having to pay.

The governor may also grant reprieves and pardons if he sees good reason for doing so.  A reprieve is a delay of punishment.  When a person is convicted of murder, the judge sentences him to be put to death on a certain day.  But there may be reason for further inquiry into the case, and to give time for such inquiry the governor may postpone the execution of the sentence—­that is, put it off to another day.  This is called a reprieve.  If the further inquiry should prove that the person is innocent, a full pardon is granted and the person is set free.

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Civil Government of Virginia from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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