The Letters of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford — Volume 1 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 1,070 pages of information about The Letters of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford — Volume 1.

The death of Pelham called into evidence the latent divisions and hatreds of public Men, who had been hitherto acting in concert.  Fox and Pitt were obviously the two persons, upon one of whom the power of Pelham must eventually fall.  But the intriguing Duke of Newcastle hated, and was jealous of both.  He, therefore, placed Sir Thomas Robinson in the House of Commons, as secretary of state and leader, and made Henry Bilson Legge chancellor of the exchequer, while he himself took the treasury-leaving Fox (4) and Pitt in the subordinate situations they had hitherto held.  The incapacity of Sir Thomas Robinson became, however, soon so apparent, that a change was inevitable.  This was hastened by a temporary coalition between Fox and Pitt, which was occasioned, naturally enough, by the ill-treatment they had both received from the Duke of Newcastle.

“At length the latter reluctantly consented to admit Fox into the cabinet, in 1755.  Upon this, Pitt again broke with Fox, and went with his friends into opposition, with the exception of Sir George Lyttelton, who became chancellor of the exchequer.  The new government, however, lasted but one session of parliament-its own dissensions, the talents of its opponents, and the dissatisfaction of the King, who had been thwarted in his German subsidiary treaties, aiding in its downfall.

“The Duke of Devonshire, who had been very active in the previous political negotiations, was now commissioned, in 1756, by the King to form a government.  The Duke of Newcastle and Fox were turned out, and Pitt became lord of the ascendant.  But the King’s aversion to his new ministers was even greater than it had been to his old; and in February 1757, he commissioned Lord Waldegrave to endeavour to form a government, with the assistance of Newcastle and Fox.  In this undertaking he failed, very mainly through the irresolutions and jealousies of Newcastle.  Thus circumstanced, the King, however unwillingly, was obliged to deliver himself up into the hands of Pitt, Who (in June, 1757) succeeded in forming that administration, which was destined to be one of the most glorious ones England has ever seen.  He placed himself at the head of it, holding the situation of secretary of state and leader of the House of Commons, leaving the Duke of Newcastle at the head of the treasury, and placing Legge again in the exchequer.  This administration lasted till the reign of the succeeding sovereign.”

To his edition of the Letters to Sir Horace Mann, Lord Dover appended illustrative notes, which are retained in the present.  Of the manner in which his lordship executed the office of editor and annotator, the Edinburgh Review thus speaks, in a brilliant article on those Letters, which appeared in the number of that work for January 1834:-"The editing of these volumes was the last of the useful and modest services rendered to literature by a nobleman of amiable manners, of untarnished public and private character, and of

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The Letters of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford — Volume 1 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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