The Jesuit Missions : A chronicle of the cross in the wilderness eBook

Thomas Guthrie Marquis
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 100 pages of information about The Jesuit Missions .

[Footnote:  For a time the Hurons encamped in the vicinity of the Hotel-Dieu.  In the spring of 1651 they moved to the island of Orleans.  Five years later their settlement was raided by Mohawks and seventy-one were killed or taken prisoner.  The island was abandoned and shelter sought in Quebec under the guns of Fort St Louis, and here they remained until 1668, when they removed to Beauport.  In the following year they were placed at Notre-Dame-de-Foy, about four miles from Quebec.  In 1673 a site affording more land was given them on the St Charles river about nine miles from the fortress.  Here at Old Lorette a chapel was built for them and here they remained for twenty-four years.  In 1697 they moved to New Lorette—­Jeune Lorette—­in the seigneury of St Michel, and at this place, by the rapids of the St Charles, four or five hundred of this once numerous tribe may still be found.]

The war-lust of the Five Nations remained still unsatiated.  They continued to harass the Petuns, who finally fled in terror, most of them to Mackinaw Island.  Still in dread of the Iroquois, they moved thence to the western end of Lake Superior; but here they came into conflict with the Sioux, and had to migrate once more.  A band of them finally moved to Detroit and Sandusky, where, under the name of Wyandots, we find them figuring in history at a later period.  The Iroquois then found occasion for quarrels with the Neutrals, the Eries, and the Andastes; and soon practically all the Indian tribes from the shores of Maine to the Mississippi and as far south as the Carolinas were under tribute to the Five Nations.  Only the Algonquin tribes of Michigan and Wisconsin and the tribes of the far north had not suffered from these bloodthirsty conquerors.

The Huron mission was ended.  For a quarter of a century the Jesuits had struggled to build up a spiritual empire among the heathen of North America, but, to all appearances, they had struggled in vain.  In all twenty-five fathers had toiled in Huronia.  Of these, as we have seen, four had been murdered by the Iroquois and one by an apostate Huron.  Nor was this the whole story of martyrdom.  Six years after the dispersion Leonard Garreau was to die by an Iroquois bullet while journeying up the Lake of Two Mountains on his way to the Algonquin missions of the west.  Another of the fathers, Rene Menard, while following a party of Algonquins to the wilds of Wisconsin, lost his way in the forest and perished from exposure or starvation; and Anne de Noue, Brebeuf’s earliest comrade in Huronia, in an effort to bring assistance to a party of French soldiers storm-bound on Lake St Peter, was frozen to death.  But misfortune did not cool the zeal of the Jesuits.  Into the depths of the forest they went with their wandering flocks, and raised the Cross by lake and stream as far west as the Mississippi and as far north as Hudson Bay.  Already they had found their way into the Long Houses of the Iroquois.

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The Jesuit Missions : A chronicle of the cross in the wilderness from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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