3 Lit. We settle each wise affair-called wise, because proceeding direct from the will of Him who is absolute wisdom.
4 Beidh, and others suppose this verse to have been revealed at Medina. This opinion, however, is based upon the supposition that it refers to the famine with which Mecca was visited after the Hejira.
5 Comp. Ex. xx. 20; Deut. viii. 16.
6 Tobba, i.e. Chalif or successor, is the title of the Kings of Yemen; or of Hadramont, Saba, and Hamyar.-See Pocock, Spec. Hist. Ar. p. 60.
7 Lit. in truth.
8 That is, Of the good from the bad.
9 See Sura xxxvii. 60, p. 81.
10 The commentators suppose this sinner to be Abu Jahl, one of the chief of the Koreisch, and the bitter enemy of Muhammad.
11 To see the turn which events may take.
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
Kaf1. By the glorious Koran:
They marvel forsooth that one of themselves hath come to them charged with warnings. “This,” say the infidels, “is a marvellous thing:
What! when dead and turned to dust shall we. . . .? Far off is such a return as this?”
Now know we what the earth consumeth of them, and with us is a Book in which account is kept.
But they have treated the truth which hath come to them as falsehood; perplexed therefore is their state.
Will they not look up to the heaven above them, and consider how we have reared it and decked it forth, and that there are no flaws therein?
And as to the earth, we have spread it out, and have thrown the mountains upon it, and have caused an upgrowth in it of all beauteous kinds of plants,
For insight and admonition to every servant who loveth to turn to God:
And we send down the rain from Heaven with its blessings, by which we cause gardens to spring forth and the grain of harvest,
And the tall palm trees with date-bearing branches one above the other
For man’s nourishment: And life give we thereby to a dead country. So also shall be the resurrection.
Ere the days of these (Meccans) the people of Noah, and the men of Rass2 and Themoud, treated their prophets as impostors:
And Ad and Pharaoh, and the brethren of Lot and the dwellers in the forest, and the people of Tobba,3 all gave the lie to their prophets: justly, therefore, were the menaces inflicted.
Are we wearied out with the first creation? Yet are they in doubt with regard to a new creation!4
We created man: and we know what his soul whispereth to him, and we are closer to him than his neck-vein.
When the two angels charged with taking account shall take it, one sitting on the right hand, the other on the left:
Not a word doth he utter, but there is a watcher with him ready to note it down: