by lots. They cultivate their gardens with great
care, so that they have both vines, fruits, herbs,
and flowers in them; and all is so well ordered and
so finely kept that I never saw gardens anywhere that
were both so fruitful and so beautiful as theirs.
And this humour of ordering their gardens so well
is not only kept up by the pleasure they find in it,
but also by an emulation between the inhabitants of
the several streets, who vie with each other.
And there is, indeed, nothing belonging to the whole
town that is both more useful and more pleasant.
So that he who founded the town seems to have taken
care of nothing more than of their gardens; for they
say the whole scheme of the town was designed at first
by Utopus, but he left all that belonged to the ornament
and improvement of it to be added by those that should
come after him, that being too much for one man to
bring to perfection. Their records, that contain
the history of their town and State, are preserved
with an exact care, and run backwards seventeen hundred
and sixty years. From these it appears that
their houses were at first low and mean, like cottages,
made of any sort of timber, and were built with mud
walls and thatched with straw. But now their
houses are three storeys high, the fronts of them are
faced either with stone, plastering, or brick, and
between the facings of their walls they throw in their
rubbish. Their roofs are flat, and on them they
lay a sort of plaster, which costs very little, and
yet is so tempered that it is not apt to take fire,
and yet resists the weather more than lead.
They have great quantities of glass among them, with
which they glaze their windows; they use also in their
windows a thin linen cloth, that is so oiled or gummed
that it both keeps out the wind and gives free admission
to the light.
“Thirty families choose every year a magistrate,
who was anciently called the Syphogrant, but is now
called the Philarch; and over every ten Syphogrants,
with the families subject to them, there is another
magistrate, who was anciently called the Tranibore,
but of late the Archphilarch. All the Syphogrants,
who are in number two hundred, choose the Prince out
of a list of four who are named by the people of the
four divisions of the city; but they take an oath,
before they proceed to an election, that they will
choose him whom they think most fit for the office:
they give him their voices secretly, so that it is
not known for whom every one gives his suffrage.
The Prince is for life, unless he is removed upon
suspicion of some design to enslave the people.
The Tranibors are new chosen every year, but yet
they are, for the most part, continued; all their
other magistrates are only annual. The Tranibors
meet every third day, and oftener if necessary, and
consult with the Prince either concerning the affairs
of the State in general, or such private differences