not the People then speak the Language which becomes
them & assure her that after so virtuous & successful
a Struggle they are determind to demand enough for
the Purpose of securing their own internal & external
Happiness. This is the Aim of the Revolution and
the Extent of the Wishes of our good & great Ally,
who I dare affirm, is invariably determind not to
seperate his Interest from that of America, & to support
the Cause of the United States as his own. Our
Happiness depends upon Independence. To be prosperous
we must have an extensive Trade. This will require
a respectable Navy. Our Ships must be mannd,
and the Source of Seamen is the Fishery. Among
those who ought to see the Importance of the Fishery,
I am affraid there are some who think that in insisting
upon that we should insist upon too much. Nova
Scotia & Canada would be a great & permanent Protection
to the Fishery. But these, say some, are not
Parts of the United States, and what Right should
we have to claim them? The Cession of those Territories
would prevent any Views of Britain to disturb our
Peace in future & cut off a Source of corrupt British
Influence which issuing from them, might diffuse Mischiefe
and Poison thro the States. Will not then the
Possession of Nova Scotia & Canada be necessary, if
we mean to make Peace upon pacifick Principles?
If we are to have no overtures this year, and Providence
blesses us with the Spirit of Enterprize would it
not be better for us, provided it be practicable, to
wrest those Places from the Hands of the Enemy than
trust to the Uncertainty of Treaty? I confess
we have a Choice of Difficulties. I pray God we
may surmount them all! None however reach the
Pinnacle of Eminence & Glory but the virtuous & brave.
Adieu my dear Sir. I hope to see & live with you
shortly; but I shall expect another Letter from you
before I leave this Place.
1 Thomas Cushing.
[Ms., Letter Book of the Marine Committee, Library
of Congress; a draft is in the Samuel Adams Papers,
May 26th 1779
Your Excellencys Letter to this committee of the 25th
instant together with an Extract from another of the
17th instant to the President of Congress has been
duely considered by the Committee.
Unfortunately the situation of our frigates is such
as to afford no reason to expect that they can possibly
be collected in season to execute the plan proposed.
The Providence of 32 Guns and the Ranger of 18 are
already ordered on a Cruize and it is supposed must
be at Sea before different orders can reach them at
The Warren of 36 Guns and the Queen of France of 20
have lately returned from a Cruize and are unmanned.
Although the Naval force of the enemy at New York
is at present trifleing, yet as their situation in
this respect is very fluctuateing they may probably
be so reinforced as to render it too hazardous to
risque only the Two frigates in this River viz:
the Confederacy of 36 Guns & the Deane of 28 Guns the
latter of which wants a great number of hands to make
up her complement.