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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 112 pages of information about Scientific American Supplement, No. 315, January 14, 1882.

There are several kinds of work connected with this business that may be done at home by those who wish, and at very fair prices.  The price of copying an ingrain design is from $3 to $6 per sheet.  The price for an original design of the same size is from $10 to $20.  For Brussels or tapestry sketches, which may be made at home, provided they are as good as the average sketch, the artists receive from $15 to $30.  For moquettes, Axminsters, and the higher grades of carpets some artists are paid as high as $200.  The average price, however, is from $25 to $100.  These designs may all be made at home, carried to the manufacturer, submitted to his judgment, and if approved, will be purchased.  After the purchase, if the manufacturer desires the artist to put the design upon the lines and the artist chooses to do so, the work may still be done at home, and the pay will range from $20 to $75 extra for each design so finished.  The average length of time for making a design is, for ingrains, two per week; Brussels sketch, three per week; Brussels on the lines, one in two weeks; moquettes and Axminsters, one in two or three weeks, depending of course upon the elaborateness and size of the pattern.  When the work is done at the designing-rooms, and the artist is required to give his or her time from 9 o’clock in the morning until 5 in the afternoon, the salaries run about as follows:  For a good original ingrain designer, from $2,000 to $3,000 per year.  A good Brussels and tapestry designer from $1,500 to $6,000 per year.  Copyists and shaders, from $3 to $10 per week.

Mrs. R.A.  Morse advocated the establishment of schools of industrial art, in which there would be special departments so that young girls might be trained to follow some practical calling.  Mrs. Dr. French said that unskilled labor and incompetent workmen were the bane and disgrace of this country, and she thought that the field of industrial art was very inviting to women.  She disparaged the custom of decorating chinaware and little fancy articles, and said that if the time thus wasted by women was applied to the study of practical designing those who persevered in the latter branch of industrial art might earn liberal wages.  Miss Requa, of the Public School Department, explained that elementary lessons in drawing were taught in the public schools.  Mme. Roch, who is thoroughly familiar with industrial and high art in both this country and in Europe, said that if the American people would apply themselves more carefully to the study of designing they could easily produce as good work as came from abroad.  The beauties to be seen in American nature alone surpassed anything that she had ever witnessed in the old countries.

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PHOTOGRAPHY UPON CANVAS.

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