Scientific American Supplement, No. 315, January 14, 1882 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 129 pages of information about Scientific American Supplement, No. 315, January 14, 1882.

In the same exhibit will be found specimens of Mr. Hedges’ two-way switches, which have been designed to reduce the tendency to sparking and consequent destruction which so often accompanies the action of switches of the ordinary form.  The essential characteristic of this switch, which we illustrate in elevation in Fig. 3 and in plan in Fig. 4, lies first in the circular form of contact-piece shown in Fig. 4, and next in the fact that the space between the two fixed contact-pieces is filled up with a block composed of compressed asbestos, the surface of which is flush with the upper surfaces of the two contact-pieces.  The circular contact-piece attached to the switch lever can be turned round so as to present a fresh surface when that which has been in use shows indications of being worn, and a good firm contact with the fixed contact-pieces is insured by the presence of a spiral spring shown in the upper figure, and which, owing to an error in engraving, appears more like a screw than a spring.  In order to prevent bad connection through dust or other impurities collecting within the joint, the electrical connection between the fulcrum of the switch lever and the circular contact-piece is made through the bent spring shown edgeways in Fig. 3.—­Engineering.

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[Illustration:  Fig. 1.—­Lartigue’s Switch Controller Fig. 2—­Transverse Section Fig. 3—­Longitudinal Section Fig. 4.—­Position of the Commutators during the Manuever Fig. 5.—­Pedal for Sending Warning to Railway Crossing—­Elevation.  Fig. 7.—­End View.

Fig. 8.—­Electric Alarm.  Fig. 12.—­Guggemos’s Correspondence Apparatus—­External View.  Fig. 13.—­Interior of the Same.  Fig. 14.—­Annunciator Apparatus.  Fig. 15.—­Controller for Water Tanks (Lartigue System).


[Illustration:  Fig. 6.—­Pedal for Sending Warning to Railway Crossing—­Plan View.  Fig. 9.—­Lartigue’s Bellows Pedal—­Longitundinal Section Fig. 10.—­General Plan.

Fig. 16.—­Controller for Water Tanks (Verite System).  RAILWAY APPARATUS AT THE PARIS ELECTRICAL EXHIBITION.]

Lartigue’s Switch Controller.—­The object of this apparatus is to warn the switch tender in case the switch does not entirely respond to the movement of the maneuvering lever.

The apparatus, which is represented in the accompanying Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4, consists of the following parts: 

(1.) A mercurial commutator, O, which is fixed on a lever, B, connected with a piece, A, which is applied against the external surface of the web of the main rails, opposite the extremity of the switch plates;

(2.) A bar, C, which traverses the web of the rail and projects on the opposite side, and which carries a nut, D, against which the switch plate abuts;

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Scientific American Supplement, No. 315, January 14, 1882 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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