Marine Protozoa from Woods Hole eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 78 pages of information about Marine Protozoa from Woods Hole.

The body is cylindrical to pyriform, in the latter case broadened anteriorly.  Cuticle distinctly marked by longitudinal striations which take the form of depressions and give to the body a characteristic melon shape.  The endoplasm contains a number of large refringent granules—­probably body products.  The nucleus is elongate, somewhat curved, and coarsely granular.  A micronucleus lies in the concavity.  The cilia are long, inserted rather widely apart along the longitudinal markings.  The contractile vacuole is single and is located at the pointed end, which is directed backwards during locomotion.  One specimen found free swimming among some algae.

Length 104 mu; greatest diameter 36 mu.

I was much surprised to find this form swimming about freely in the water; its mouthless condition showed it to belong to the family of parasites, the Opalinidae.  As the name indicates, however, this species is an ectoparasite upon the gills, and Stein gave the name branchiarum to a fresh-water form parasitic upon Gammarus pulex.  The Woods Hole form is so strikingly similar to the figure of G. branchiarum that, although the name was given to a fresh-water form, it obviously applies to this marine variety.  One important difference is the presence of only one contractile vacuole in the marine form.

[Illustration:  Fig. 44.—­Anoplophrya branchiarum.]

KEY TO FAMILIES OF HETEROTRICHIDA.

Cilia cover the body 1

Cilia reduced to certain 2
localized areas

1. Polytrichina.

   a.  The mouth terminates a long Family Plagiotomidae
      peristomial furrow having an
      adoral zone along the entire
      left edge

   b.  Peristomial area a broad Family Bursaridae
      triangular area ending in mouth

   c.  Peristomial depression short; Family Stentoridae
      limited to the anterior end; its
      plane at right angles to the
      long axis of body; surface of
      peristome striated and ciliated;
      no undulating membranes

2. Oligotrichina.

   a.  Peristome without cilia; cilia Family Halteriidae
      limited to one or more girdles
      about body

      One marine genus *_Strombidium_

   b.  Thecate forms; the body is Family Tintinnidae
      attached by a stalk to the cup;
      within the adoral zone is a ring
      of cilia.

   c.  The peristomial depression is Family Ophryoscolecidae
      deep and funnel-like; cuticle
      thick, with posterior spine-like
      processes.

   * Presence at Woods Hole indicated by asterisk.

KEY TO THE MARINE GENERA OF PLAGIOTOMIDAE.

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Marine Protozoa from Woods Hole from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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