[Illustration: Fig. 26.—Ceratium fusus.]
Genus AMPHIDINIUM Clap. & Lach.
The body is ovoid to globular and usually much flattened dorso-ventrally. The anterior portion is very much reduced and is somewhat head-like or cap-like. The longitudinal furrow extends through the entire posterior body length and is apparently capable of widening and narrowing. It is probably naked (see here Klebs, Pouchet, Buetschli), although Stein maintained that there is a delicate cuticle-like shell. Chromatophores of brown or green colors present and usually grouped radially about a central amylum granule. The nucleus is posterior.
Fresh and salt water.
Amphidinium operculatum Clap. & Lach. Fig. 27.
The body is oval and flattened. The transverse furrow is at the extremity (posterior) of the body and the small portion, which is thus apparently cut off, is the cap-like or operculum-like structure which gives the name to the species. Klebs maintains that the two furrows are not connected, but in this he is certainly mistaken, provided we have the same species under consideration. Very common about Woods Hole.
Length from 40 to 50 mu; width 30 mu; thickness 15 mu.
[Illustration: Fig. 27.—Amphidinium operculatum.]
1. With cilia Subclass Ciliata. 3
2. Without cilia (in adult state) Subclass
3. a. Without a specialized fringe of Order
large cilia (ad. zone)
b. With general covering of
cilia Order Heterotrichida
+ adoral zone
c. With cilia on ventral side
+ adoral zone
d. With cilia in region of
adoral Order Peritrichida
zone, and about mouth only
A. Mouth closed except during food 1
ingestion; no undulating membrane
Mouth always open; with undulating
a. Mouth terminal or subterminal.
Food is swallowed and not
introduced by currents
b. Mouth terminal or subterminal;
body frequently drawn out into
long process; mouth may have
c. Mouth central or posterior;
pharynx with supporting
a. Mouth anterior or central;
pharynx short or absent;
peristomial depression faint
b. Mouth central; pharynx
long, Family Urocentridae
tubular; cilia in two broad