Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

    [Footnote 1:  Not accusative.]

DAED’ALUS AND IC’ARUS (Concluded)

284. Puer Icarus una[2] stabat et mirum patris opus videbat.  Postquam manus ultima[3] alis imposita est, Daedalus eas temptavit et similis avi in auras volavit.  Tum alas umeris fili adligavit et docuit eum volare et dixit, “Te veto, mi fili, adpropinquare aut soli aut mari.  Si fluctibus adpropinquaveris,[4] aqua alis tuis nocebit, et si soli adpropinquaveris,[4] ignis eas cremabit.”  Tum pater et filius iter difficile incipiunt.  Alas movent et aurae sese committunt.  Sed stultus puer verbis patris non paret.  Soli adpropinquat.  Alae cremantur et Icarus in mare decidit et vitam amittit.  Daedalus autem sine ullo periculo trans fluctus ad insulam Siciliam volavit.

    [Footnote 2:  Adverb, see vocabulary.]

    [Footnote 3:  manus ultima\, _the finishing touch_.  What literally?]

    [Footnote 4:  Future perfect.  Translate by the present.]

LESSON L

THE INTENSIVE PRONOUN IPSE AND THE DEMONSTRATIVE IDEM

  [Special Vocabulary]

corpus, corporis\, n., _body_ (corporal) de:nsus, -a, -um\, dense i:dem, e’adem, idem\, demonstrative pronoun, _the same_ (identity) ipse, ipsa, ipsum\, intensive pronoun, self; even, very mi:rus, -a, -um\, _wonderful, marvelous_ (miracle) o:lim\, adv., formerly, once upon a time pars, partis (-ium)\, f., _part, region, direction_ quoque\, adv., also.  Stands after the word which it emphasizes so:l, so:lis\, m., _sun_ (solar) ve:rus, -a, -um\, true, real (verity)

  de:beo:, de:be:re, de:bui:, de:bitus\, _owe, ought_ (debt)
  
e:ripio:, e:ripere, e:ripui:, e:reptus\, snatch from

285. Ipse\ means _-self_ (_him-self, her-self_, etc.) or is translated by _even_ or _very_.  It is used to emphasize a noun or pronoun, expressed or understood, with which it agrees like an adjective.

    a. Ipse\ must be carefully distinguished from the reflexive
    
sui\.  The latter is always used as a pronoun, while ipse\ is
    regularly adjective.  Compare

      Homo se videt, the man sees himself (reflexive)
      Homo ipse periculum videt,
        the man himself (intensive) sees the danger
      Homo ipsum periculum videt,
        the man sees the danger itself (intensive)

286. Except for the one form ipse\, the intensive pronoun is declined exactly like the nine irregular adjectives (cf.  Secs. 108, 109).  Learn the declension (Sec. 481).

287. The demonstrative idem\, meaning _the same_, is a compound of is\.  It is declined as follows: 

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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