Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

238. Neuter consonant stems add no termination in the nominative and are declined as follows: 

flu:men, tempus, opus, caput,
n., river n., time n., work n., head
BASES OR
STEMS flu:min- tempor- oper- capit-

SINGULAR                                     TERMINATIONS
Nom.      flu:men       tempus       opus        caput       —­
Gen.      flu:minis     temporis     operis      capitis     -is
Dat.      flu:mini:      temperi:      operi:       capiti:      -i: 
Acc.      flu:men       tempus       opus        caput       —­
Abl.      flu:mine      tempore      opere       capite      -e
PLURAL
Nom.      flu:mina      tempora      opera      capita       -a
Gen.      flu:minum     temporum     operum     capitum      -um
Dat.      flu:minibus   temporibus   operibus   capitibus    -ibus
Acc.      flu:mina      tempora      opera      capita       -a
Abl.      flu:minibus   temporibus   operibus   capitibus    -ibus

1.  Review Sec. 74 and apply the rules to this declension.

2.  Bases or stems in -in- have -e- instead of -i- in the nominative,
as flu:men, base or stem flu:min-.

  3.  Most bases or stems in -er- and -or- have -us in the nominative, as
  opus, base or stem oper-; tempus, base or stem tempor-.

239. EXERCISES

First learn the special vocabulary, p. 292.

I. 1.  Barbari ubi Romam ceperunt, maxima regum opera deleverunt. 2.  Romani multas calamitates a barbaris acceperunt. 3.  Ubi erat summus terror apud oppidanos, animi dubii eorum ab oratore claro confirmati sunt. 4.  Roma est in ripis fiuminis magni. 5.  Ubi Caesar imperator milites suos arma capere iussit, ii a proelio contineri non potuerunt. 6.  Ubi proelium factum est, imperator reperiri non potuit. 7.  Imperator sagitta in capite vulneratus erat et stare non poterat. 8.  Eum magno labore pedes ex proelio portavit. 9.  Is bracchiis suis imperatorem tenuit et eum ex periculis summis servavit. 10.  Virtute sua bonus miles ab imperatore coronam accepit.

II. 1.  The consul placed a crown on the head of the victor. 2.  Before the gates he was received by the townsmen. 3.  A famous orator praised him and said, “By your labors you have saved the fatherland from disaster.” 4.  The words of the orator were pleasing to the victor. 5.  To save the fatherland was a great task.

  [Illustration:  Corona]

LESSON XLII

REVIEW LESSON

240. Review the paradigms in Secs. 233, 236, 238; and decline all nouns of the third declension in this selection.

TERROR CIMBRICUS[1]

Olim Cimbri et Teutones, populi Germaniae, cum feminis liberisque Italiae adpropinquaverant et copias Romanas maximo proelio vicerant.  Ubi fuga legionum nuntiata est, summus erat terror totius Romae, et Romani, graviter commoti, sacra crebra deis faciebant et salutem petebant.

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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