Latin for Beginners eBook

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II. 1.  Where was Julia standing?  She was standing where you had ordered. 2.  Was Julia wearing any ornaments?  She had many ornaments of gold. 3.  Did she not attempt flight when she saw the danger?  She did. 4.  Who captured her?  Galba captured her without delay and held her by the left arm. 5.  She didn’t have the lady’s gold, did she?  No, the gold had been taken by a faithless maid and has been brought back.

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  Fourth Review, Lessons XXVII-XXXVI, Secs. 513-516

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LESSON XXXVII

CONJUGATION OF POSSUM :  THE INFINITIVE USED AS IN ENGLISH

  [Special Vocabulary]

  neque\ or nec\, conj., neither, nor, and ... not;
    neque ... neque\, _neither ... nor_
  
castellum, -i:\, n., redoubt, fort (castle)
  coti:die:\, adv., _daily_
   cesso:, cessa:re, cessa:vi:, cessa:tus, _cease_, with the infin.

  incipio:, incipere, ince:pi:, inceptus\, _begin_ (incipient),
    with the infin.
  
oppugno:, oppugna:re, oppugna:vi:, oppugna:tus\, storm, assail
  peto:, petere, petivi\ or petii:, peti:tus\, aim at, assail, storm,
    attack; seek, ask
(petition)
  po:no:, po:nere, posui:, positus\, _place, put_ (position);
    
castra po:nere\, to pitch camp
  possum, posse, potui:, ——­\, _be able, can_ (potent), with the
    infin.
  
veto:, veta:re, vetui:, vetitus\, forbid (veto), vith the infin.;
    opposite of iubeo:\, _command_
  
vinco:, vincere, vi:ci:, victus\, conquer (in-vincible)
  vi:vo:, vi:vere, vi:xi:, ——­\, _live, be alive_ (re-vive)

212. Learn the principal parts of possum\, _I am able_, _I can_, and its inflection in the indicative and infinitive. (Cf.  Sec. 495.)

    a. Possum\, _I can_, is a compound of potis\, able, and sum\,
    _I am_.

213. The Infinitive with Subject Accusative.  The infinitive (cf.  Sec. 173) is a verbal noun.  Used as a noun, it has the constructions of a noun.  As a verb it can govern a case and be modified by an adverb.  The uses of the infinitive are much the same in Latin as in English.

1.  In English certain verbs of wishing, commanding, forbidding, and the like are used with an object clause consisting of a substantive in the objective case and an infinitive, as, he commanded the men to flee.  Such object clauses are called infinitive clauses, and the substantive is said to be the subject of the infinitive.
Similarly in Latin, some verbs of wishing, commanding, forbidding, and the like are used with an object clause consisting of an infinitive with a subject in the accusative case, as, Is viros fugere iussit\, _he commanded the men to flee_.

_214._ RULE.  Subject of the Infinitive. _The subject of the infinitive is in the accusative._

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